Historical Maps of Taiwan during the 19^(th) to the Early 20^(th) Century of the Collection of the National Taiwan Museum, Outline and Focal-point Items
地理形象 ； 社會文化形貌 ； 歷史輿圖 ； 典藏歷史形構 ； 焦點輿圖 ； geographical profile ； socio-cultural configurations ； historical maps ； historical configurations of museum collection ； focal-point maps
|Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication||
71卷2期（2018 / 06 / 01）
1 - 76
For more than a decade, a new trend of discourse in light of the cartography (maps) to formulate the scenario of historical change concerning geographical profile and socio-cultural configurations of Taiwan before modern era has generally been well-received among many research facilities and museum circles in Taiwan. Consequently, a wide-ranging forum of concerns, such as the diachronic geographical information system, new forms of presentations of maps, groundwork study of cartography of different eras, and even accumulations of cartography collections, has emerged and well taken. Since the Japanese Colonial Era, National Taiwan Museum has commenced the collection of historical maps of Taiwan between 17th and early 20th century, taking them as one of the historical sources for illuminating the historical development of culture and society in Taiwan. On the other hand, a stark contrast remained. Upon the collection of ＂artifacts,＂ the museum generally held on to the ＂holistic＂ principle, reaching for diverse socio-cultural categories, while the tenet of collecting ＂geographical illustrations＂ fell into the ＂thematic＂ measure and focused on the linkage with some distinguished historical eras or major historical events. As a result, a correlated ＂collection system＂ of cartography could hardly be reached in this manner. To amend this issue, following the new trend of the study of cartography in Taiwan, the museum takes the initiative to supplementing the collection of historical maps of Taiwan during the mid-19th to the first half of the 20th century with a more systematic approach since 2005. This recent transition of curation process brings forth a more direct and multi-faceted linkage with the dominant focus of existing ＂artifacts＂ collection in the museum, while also, to a certain degree, expands the scope of the historical maps of Taiwan in museum collection. This article comprises two parts. First, it deals with the historical configurations of museum collection regarding historical maps of Taiwan during the 19th to the first half of the 20th century in the National Taiwan Museum collection, and its constituting classificatory categories and themes, in order to delineate the basic orientations of the collection and its overall scope of implications. Secondly, following the inspirations of the ever-evolving historical process of exploration, discovery, and transformation of geographic topography and socio-cultural profile of Taiwan in relevant era, 19 pieces of ＂focal-point map＂ in the collection are sifted out as they tend to shed a more vivid light on the aforementioned historical process. The constituent themes of these maps include geographic topography, administrative issue, military affairs, international relations, economic issue, traffic and transportation, and cultural affairs. In order, through the rudimentary analysis of these thematic focal-point maps and their relevant socio-cultural context, this article seeks to put forth one of the underlying basic characters of historical maps in reflecting different images and contours of Taiwan under diverse frameworks of perspective and time, and at the same time convey the essential socio-cultural implications of the historical maps of Taiwan of the collection of the National Taiwan Museum.