Title

都市公園外在或內在環境吸引力:探討對居民身體活動及健康之影響

Translated Titles

The External and Internal Factors of Urban Parks Associated with Physical Activity and Health of Residents

DOI

10.6130/JORS.201909_32(3).0001

Authors

江彥政(Yen-Cheng Chiang)

Key Words

公園鄰近度 ; 支持性環境 ; 遊憩設施 ; 戶外遊憩 ; 散步 ; Park proximity ; Supportive environment ; Recreation facilities ; Outdoor recreation ; Walking

PublicationName

戶外遊憩研究

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

32卷3期(2019 / 09 / 01)

Page #

1 - 29

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

都市公園是提供居民良好的戶外活動空間並提升他們健康,但現今公園可及性低、設施缺乏維護管理等會造成民眾的使用不便,進而影響身體活動與健康。因此本研究目的以外部(規劃)與內部(設計)的觀點:探討都市公園對居民身體活動與健康狀態之影響。以嘉義市所有公園作為研究樣點,採用GIS套疊、實地調查與問卷等方式收集。本研究獲得有效樣本870份。結果指出公園距離越短越能增加民眾的身體活動;有設置基礎設施或便利設施之公園較能夠增加民眾的身體活動。此外,身體活動越高其生心理健康越佳。研究結果可提供未來都市公園在區位設立及設施設計等參考依據,有助於增加民眾使用之頻率,並提升身體活動與健康。

English Abstract

Urban parks are outdoor activity spaces that provide residents with beneficial environments and improved public health. In recent years, poor accessibility to urban parks, insufficient recreational facilities, a lack of management and maintenance, deteriorating facilities, and insufficient security measures. For residents, the problems in these two dimensions pose barriers to using the parks, thereby reducing their frequency of use, and influencing their physical activity level and health. Therefore, The purpose of this study is to explore the influence that urban parks and green spaces have on people's physical activity level and health status based on the perspectives of external (planning) and internal (design) factors. This study is conducted in Chaiyi City, with the researched locations including all parks in Chiayi City. This study used geographic information system overlays, site investigations, and questionnaire methods to collect data. We had 870 valid samples in this study. The results showed that as park distance decreased, resident's physical activity increased. More facilities and more amenities in parks can increase physical activity. Furthermore, higher physical activity results in better health. The results of this study can provide urban park planners and designers with references regarding location establishment and facility design to increase people's use frequency, and to improve their physical activity level and health.

Topic Category 人文學 > 地理及區域研究
社會科學 > 體育學