Title

新北市汐止區山坡地社區坡地災害衝擊評估之研究

Translated Titles

A Study on the Slopeland Hazard Impact of Hillside Residential Communities in Xizhi District, New Taipei City

DOI

10.3966/101632122017030099013

Authors

沈哲緯(Che-Wei Shen);何明錦(Ming-Chin Ho);冀樹勇(Shue-Yeong Chi);蔡綽芳(Chuo-Fang Tsai)

Key Words

山坡地社區 ; 衝擊評估 ; 家戶損失 ; 調適規劃 ; Hillside Residential Communities ; Hazard Impact ; Slopeland Household Loss ; Adaptation Planning

PublicationName

建築學報

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

99_S期(2017 / 03 / 31)

Page #

87 - 99

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

本研究旨於研提山坡地社區坡地災害衝擊評估方法,其中危害度以「整合崩塌-土石流災害潛勢評估模式」為基礎,後果指數於村里尺度「坡地災害家戶損失模型」,社區尺度參考內政部建築研究所(2009)「社區後果指數」成果,結合崩塌及土石流土石堆積高度及影響範圍,完成村里及社區單元風險計算,最後結合兩種不同尺度風險評估成果,境況模擬極端降雨情境,完成山坡地社區衝擊程度評估分析,提供主管機關進行詳細調查、監測管理及災害調適策略研擬參考,期防患於未然,減少災害發生之損失。

English Abstract

This study aims to develop evaluation methods of landslide impact and debris flow in hillside residential communities. The hazard impact is composed of risk assessment results at both the village and community-scale. quantitative risk assessment requires calculations of two components: the magnitude of the potential loss (i.e. vulnerability, V), and the probability that the loss will occur (i.e. hazard or failure probability, H). The vulnerability at the village-scale was estimated by the model of slopeland household loss (NCDR, 2011), and the consequence score at the community-scale was evaluated by using a grade table of consequence factor (ABRI, 2009). The failure probability (H) was calculated by the "Integrated Model of Landslide and Debris Flow (ILDF)" model. Finally, the hazard impact of hillside communities under different extreme rainfall scenarios was developed and constituted of village-scale and community-scale risk. The results could serve as a reference of central and local governments for field investigation, monitoring and adaptation planning, and disaster losses reduction.

Topic Category 工程學 > 土木與建築工程
Reference
  1. 沈哲緯、何明錦、辜炳寰、冀樹勇、陳致向(2015)。整合崩塌─土石流災害潛勢評估模式之建立─以新北市汐止區為例。建築學報,91,141-166。
    連結:
  2. 沈哲緯、林彥享、邵國士、高憲彰、冀樹勇、李怡先、陳建忠(2010)。運用資料採礦與 3S 技術建立坡地社區風險評估模式。建築學報,73,87-108。
    連結:
  3. 李欣輯、楊惠萱(2011)。坡地災害家戶損失模型之建立與應用。中國土木水利工程學刊,23(4),437-444。
  4. 財團法人中興工程顧問社(2013)。極端降雨對山坡地社區衝擊程度探討及其調適策略之研究(一)─以鄉鎮尺度為例。新北市=New Taipei City:內政部建築研究所=Architecture and Building Research Institute, Ministry of Interior。
  5. 國立臺灣大學(2012)。淡水河流域因應氣候變遷防洪及土砂研究計畫(1/2)。台中市=Taichung:經濟部水利署水利規劃試驗所=Water Resources Planning Institute, Water Resources Agency MOEA。
  6. 國立臺灣大學(2013)。淡水河流域因應氣候變遷防洪及土砂研究計畫(2/2)。台中市=Taichung:經濟部水利署水利規劃試驗所=Water Resources Planning Institute, Water Resources Agency MOEA。
  7. 經濟部中央地質調查所(1998)。五萬分之一地質圖─臺北圖幅。New Taipei City:經濟部中央地質調查所=Central Geological Survey, MOEA。
  8. 經濟部中央地質調查所(2012)。臺灣活動斷層分布圖。New Taipei City:經濟部中央地質調查所=Central Geological Survey, MOEA。