Functional Fitness and health-related-quality-of-life in Physically Independent Elderly Women at Different Exercise Stages of Change
王秀華(Hsiu-Hua Wang)；李淑芳(Shuk-Fong Li)
SF-36 ； 老化 ； 身體活動 ； SF-36 ； aging ； physical activity
|Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication||
44卷3期（2011 / 09 / 01）
333 - 350
Purpose: The aims of this study were: 1) to compare functional fitness and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among elderly women who self-classified themselves into one of the five exercise stages of change according to exercise behavior; 2) to examine the relationships among exercise stages of change, functional fitness, HRQOL; and 3) to determine the predictability of six parameters of functional fitness towards HRQOL in physically independent elderly women. Methods: Three hundred and six physically independent elderly female volunteers (aged 65 or above) were investigated on their exercise stages of change, levels of physical activity, functional fitness, and HRQOL. Pearson's product moment correlation coefficient, chi-square, one-way analysis of variance, and multiple regression analysis were utilized for the data analysis. Results: The results were as follows: 1). Elderly women classified as stage of maintenance were significantly higher in scores of physical functioning, bodily pain, general health perceptions, vitality, social functioning, physical component summary scores, mental component summary scores and total component summary scores than their counterparts; 2). Elderly women classified as stage of maintenance were significantly higher in scores of upper bodily flexibility, lower bodily muscular strength, cardiopulmonary endurance than their counterparts; 3). Muscular strength, bodily flexibility, and cardiopulmonary endurance were significant predictors of HRQOL. Conclusion: Exercise professionals might use this five exercise stages of change distinction to overcome the specific and individual barriers of physical activity in physically independent elderly women classified in each of the five exercise stages of change. Prospectively, incorporating more regular physical activity into the lifestyles of sedentary or slightly active elderly women may improve their functional fitness and HRQOL.