Title

中醫整體觀「廣角鏡」中的心理現象及應用價值-論中醫心理整體觀

Translated Titles

Psychological Phenomena and Application Values of the "Wide Angle" of Traditional Chinese Medicine: On Wholism in Traditional Chinese Medicine Psychology

DOI

10.3966/156092512018120069002

Authors

張柏華(Baihua Zhang);胡霜(Shuang Hu)

Key Words

整體觀 ; 中醫心理整體觀 ; 臟腑情志 ; 五神藏 ; Wholism ; Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) Psychology ; theory of Zang-Fu emotions ; Five Organs of Mentality

PublicationName

應用心理研究

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

69期(2018 / 12 / 01)

Page #

3 - 22

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

整體觀是中醫心理學的基本特點,它將人的精神、心理現象置於與自然、社會、生理環境的廣泛聯系與相互影響中看待,看作是由心、身緊密聯系,又隸屬於自然、社會更高層次的整體的一部分。「心—身」關系中可見情志、五臟神、感知覺等具體心理現象。「心理—社會」關系中可見「智」、「知」、思、慮、脫營、失精等現象。「心理—自然」關系中呈現的是心情、精神狀態之類籠統現象,以及合於自然之道的真人、至人、聖人、賢人等理想人格。中醫心理整體觀可用於指導辨證論治、心理治療、心理養生等。

English Abstract

Wholism, a basic characteristic of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) Psychology, places spirit and psychological phenomenon in the natural, social, and physical environments. It emphasizes extensive connections and mutual influences. Wholism maintains close contact with the Mind-Body concept in TCM; it is viewed as a part of the whole, which is subordinate to the next levels of Nature and Society. Within the Mind-Body relation concept, we find emotion as well as the five organs of mental activities, perception, and other mental phenomena. Within the Psychology-Society relation concept, we find wisdom, cognition, thought, anxiety, ying exhaustion, seminal loss, and other phenomena. Within the Psychology-Nature relation concept, mood, mental state, and other general phenomena. This concept also aligns the laws of nature with the ideal moral aptitudes of Zhenren, Zhiren, Shengren, and Xianren. As such, Wholism in TCM Psychology can be used to guide treatment based on syndrome differentiation, psychotherapy, and psychological preservation of health.

Topic Category 社會科學 > 心理學