Title

Economic Impact Study: The 42nd International Archery Championship

DOI

10.6547/tassm.2006.0004

Authors

Ping-Kun Chiu;Chiung-Hsia Wang

Key Words

Economic Impact ; Archery ; International Archery Championship

PublicationName

臺灣體育運動管理學報

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

4期(2006 / 11 / 01)

Page #

50 - 65

Content Language

英文

English Abstract

Economic impact analysis methods have been widely used in different fields to study the economic influences related to tourism, evaluate the impact of visitors to a sport tournament, and evaluate the economic changes related to income, jobs and transportation. New York City hosted the 42(superscript th) World Archery Championships from July 14-20, 2003, with the finals in Central Park. 81 countries and 581 archers participated in this tournament which had the largest number of participants since the first World Archery Championships in 1931 in Lwow, Poland. The purpose of the 42nd World Archery Championships economic impact study was to determine the broader economic benefits that accumulated in New York City. This paper gives reasons for conducting economic impact studies, gives a taste of archery as an industry, and provides an example of a survey instrument and the types of questions that are important in assessing how the event directly impacts the community. It also provides specific information on the logistics of conducting an economic impact study for an international archery competition. In this research the revised economic impact survey adapted from Crompton (1999) and the Sport Event Economic Impact Evaluation Model (SEEIEM) as developed by Yeh (1997) were utilized to measure these participants and spectators' expenditure in the 42 World Archery Championship. Initially, 222 subjects were randomly sampled from the 612 World Archery Championships participants and on-site spectators. This study found that the spectators, participants, International Archery Federation, and the organizing committee contributed approximately USS 2.46 million in direct spending to the NYC economy. New York City injected US$ 800,000 for this international event. FITA contributed US$255,139 to support this event. The participants contributed approximately US$ 1.41 million to the NYC area. Also, those amounts generated an estimated US$ 5.42 million in total business activity within the NYC area over the championship period. The authors suggested that more media campaigns and expansion of the exhibition ground will help cultivate and enlarge the archery population.

Topic Category 社會科學 > 體育學
社會科學 > 管理學
Reference
  1. The projected economic impact on Huston of hosting the 2012 summer Olympic Games
  2. Archer, B.,Fletcher, J.(1996).The economic impact of tourism in the Seychelles.Annals of Tourism Research,23(1),32-47.
  3. Archery Manufacturers and Merchants Organization(1996).The fact about bow hunting and target archery.Archery Manufacturers and Merchants Organization.
  4. BREA(2002).The North American Cruise Industry Contribution to the New York Economy in 2001.Business Research &Economic Advisors.
  5. Crompton, J.L.(1999).Measuring the economic impact of visitors to sports tournaments and special events.Ashburn, VA:National Recreation and Park Association.
  6. Crompton, J.L.(1995).Economic impact analysis of sport facilities and events: Eleven sources of misapplication.Journal of Sport Management,9(1),14-35.
  7. DeSalvo, J.S.(1994).Measuring the direct impacts of a port.Transportation Journal,33(4),33-42.
  8. Gratton, C.,Henry, I.P.(2001).Sport in the city: The role of sport in economic and social regeneration.New York, NY:Routledge.
  9. Howard, D.R.,Crompton, J.L.(2004).Financing sport.Morgantown, WV:Fitness Information Technologies, Inc..
  10. Humphreys, J.M.,Plummer, M.K.(1995).The Economic Impact on the State of Georgia of Hosting the 1996 Summer Olympic Games. Mimeograph.Athens, Georgia:Selig Center for Economic Growth, University of Georgia.
  11. The Sport Journal
  12. Matheson, V. A.(2002).Upon further review: An examination of sporting event economic impact studies.The Sport Journal,5(1)
  13. Samuelson, P. A.(1970).Economics.NY:McGray-Hill Book Company.
  14. Sask Sport Inc.(2003).Estimated visitor expenditures of regional, national & international amateur sport events hosted in Saskatchewan.Canada:Sask Sport Inc..
  15. Stotlar, D. K.(2000).Developing Successful Sport Marketing Plans.Morgantown, WV:Fitness Information Technology.
  16. Turco, D. M.,Kelsey, C. W.(1992).Conducting economic impact studies of Recreation and parks special events.Washington, DC:National Recreation and Park Association.
  17. 2000 US. Open nets record $420 million in economic benefits for New York
  18. An analysis of the economic dimensions of the New York State greenhouse industry in New York
  19. Yeh, K.T.(1997).University of Northern Colorado.
  20. The Analysis of 1997 and 1998 Taiwan Game Economic on Hosting Area. Taiwan. Unpublished report
Times Cited
  1. 許秉翔、吳仁泰(2009)。臺灣運動服務業的產業關聯分析。體育學報,42(3),131-148。