Title

我國體適能政策指標之建議

Translated Titles

Implications for Fitness Policy Indicators in Taiwan

DOI

10.6127/JEPF.2004.01.01

Authors

陳全壽(Chyuan-Shou Chen);劉宗翰(Tsong-Han Liu);張振崗(Chen-Gang Chang)

Key Words

體適能 ; 指標 ; 身體活動量 ; 政策 ; Fitness ; Indicator ; Physical activity ; Policy

PublicationName

運動生理暨體能學報

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

1輯(2004 / 09 / 09)

Page #

1 - 11

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

適當的身體活動可提升國民的體適能狀況,並進而減少許多慢性病的罹患機率,對於提升國民健康、降低醫療支出與社會成本都有極大的幫助,因此,歐美各先進國家近年來紛紛訂定提升國民運動習慣的政策,並陸續進行大規模的體適能檢測與身體活動量分析,以追蹤這些政策的成效。本研究透過網站與Medline、SportDiscus、STICNET資料庫,以及國家圖書館館藏系統,收集與分析世界衛生組織和世界各先進國家的體適能檢測方式、體適能政策及相關指標,並與我國現況互相比較,發展適合我國之體適能指標。本研究的結果顯示,當前我國最重要的課題應在於提升運動人口,培養國民運動習慣,最重要的體適能指標應為身體活動量,包括參與運動的時間和強度;增加身體活動量可降低各種慢性病罹患機率,每年的體適能檢測應以調查民眾身體活動量為主,並包含社會經濟地位與參與身體活動的限制因素等資料,以作為制定政策的參考。本研究參考各國體適能政策,並根據我國現狀,提出以身體活動量為主的2015無中程體適能指標,以及以降低慢性病死亡率為主的2025年長程體適能指標。

English Abstract

Physical activity can promote health and decrease the risk for many chronic diseases. It could reduce medical and social expenses due to the health problems. Therefore, many countries around the world have established the policy for promotion of physical activity. These countries also conducted large-scale physical fitness tests and physical activity assessments to monitor the progress of the policy. In this study, physical fitness tests and policy information and research results were collected from websites, Medline, Sport Discus, STICNET databases, and National Library in Taiwan. The data in Taiwan was compared to these from countries around the world, in order to establish the appropriate physical fitness indicators for Taiwan. This study showed that the most important fitness indicator for Taiwan is the amount of physical activity, including time and intensity of participation. The first concern of government should be the increase in number of people participating in physical activity and to make exercise as part of life style. Increased amount of physical activity could reduce the risk for many chronic diseases. The yearly fitness test should focus on the amount of physical activity conducted, the socioeconomic information, and the baffler of engaging physical activity. The information could be used as the basis for policy making. This study proposed the moderate-term goals to be reached in 2015, focused on amount of physical activity. The long-term goals to be reached in 2025, focused on reducing death rate of chronic diseases were also proposed.

Topic Category 醫藥衛生 > 預防保健與衛生學
醫藥衛生 > 社會醫學
社會科學 > 體育學
Reference
  1. Albanes, D.,Conway, J. M.,Taylor, P. R.,Moe, P. W.,Judd, J.(1990).Validation and comparison of eight physical activity questionnaires.Epidemiology,1,65-71.
  2. Arroll, B.,Beaglehole, R.(1992).Does physical activity lower blood pressure: a critical review of the clinical trials.Journal of Clinical Epidemiology,45,439-447.
  3. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention(2001).Increasing physical activity. A report on recommendations of the Task Force on Community Preventive Services. Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report.Recommendations & Reports.
  4. Craig, C. L.,Marshall, A. L.,Sjostrom, M.,Bauman, A. E.,Booth, M. L.,Ainsworth, B. E.(2003).International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ): 12-country reliability and validity.Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise,35,1381-1395.
  5. Local Exercise Action Pilots (LEAP)
  6. Duppe, H.,Gardsell, P.,Johnell, O.,Nilsson, B. E.,Ringsberg, K.(1997).Bone mineral density, muscle strength and physical activity. A population-based study of 332 subjects aged 15-42 years.Acta Orthopaedica Scandinavica,68,97-103.
  7. Elosua, R.,Garcia, M.,Aguilar, A.,Molina, L.,Covas, M. I.,Marrugat, J.(2000).Validation of the Minnesota Leisure Time Physical Activity Questionnaire in Spanish Women. Investigators of the MARATDON Group.Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise,32,1431-1437.
  8. Elosua, R.,Marrugat, J.,Molina, L.,Pons, S.,Pujol, E.(1994).Validation of the Minnesota Leisure Time Physical Activity Questionnaire in Spanish men. The MARATHOM Investigators.American Journal of Epidemiology,139,1197-1209.
  9. Haapanen, N.,Miilunpalo, S.,Vuori, I.,Oja, P.,Pasanen, M.(1997).Association of leisure time physical activity with the risk of coronary heart disease, hypertension and diabetes in middle-aged men and women.International Journal of Epidemiology,26,739-747.
  10. Helmrich, S. P.,Ragland, D. R.,Leung, R. W.,Paffenbarger, R. S.(1991).Physical activity and reduced occurrence of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus.New England Journal of Medicine,325,147-152.
  11. Jacobs, D. R.,Ainsworth, B. E.,Hartman, T. J.,Leon, A. S.(1993).A simultaneous evaluation of 10 commonly used physical activity questionnaires.Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise,25,81-91.
  12. Kannel, W. B.,Belanger, A.,D''Agostino, R.,Israel, I.(1986).Physical activity and physical demand on the job and risk of cardiovascular disease and death: the Framingham Study.American Heart Journal,112,820-825.
  13. Lee, I. M.,Sesso, H. D.,Paffenbarger, R. S.(1999).Physical activity and risk of lung cancer.International Journal of Epidemiology,28,620-625.
  14. Levine, D. M.,Cohen, J. D.,Dustan, H. P.,Falkner, B.,Flora, J. A.,Lefebvre, R. C.(1993).Behavior changes and the prevention of high blood pressure. Workshop II. AHA Prevention onference III. Behavior change and compliance: keys to improving cardiovascular health.Circulation,88,1387-1390.
  15. Mayer-Davis, E. J.,D''Agostino, R.,Karter, A. J.,Haffner, S. M.,Rewers, M. J.,Saad, M.(1998).Intensity and amount of physical activity in relation to insulin sensitivity: the Insulin Resistance Atherosclerosis Study.JAMA,279,667-674.
  16. McTiernan, A.,Ulrich, C.,Slate, S.,Potter, J.(1998).Physical activity and cancer etiology: associations and mechanisms.Cancer Causes & Control,9,487-509.
  17. Paffenbarger, R. S.,Wing, A. L.,Hyde, R. T.(1978).Physical activity as an index of heart attack risk in college alumni.American Journal of Epidemiology,108,161-175.
  18. Pate, R. R.,Pratt, M.,Blair, S. N.,Haskell, W. L.,Macera, C. A.,Bouchard, C.(1995).Physical activity and public health. A recommendation from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the American College of Sports Medicine.JAMA,273,402-407.
  19. Pereira, M. A.,FitzerGerald, S. J.,Gregg, E. W.,Joswiak, M. L.,Ryan, W. J.,Suminski, R. R.(1997).A collection of Physical Activity Questionnaires for health-related research.Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise,29,1-205.
  20. Health Survey for England, Chapter 5 Physical activity
  21. Rockhill, B.,Willett, W. C.,Hunter, D. J.,Manson, J. E.,Hankinson, S. E.,Colditz, G. A.(1999).A perspective study of recreational physical activity and breast cancer risk.Arch Intern Med,225,2290-2296.
  22. Rodriguez, B. L.,Curb, J. D.,Burchfiel, C. M.,Abbott, R. D.,Petrovitch, H.,Masaki, K.(1994).Physical activity and 23-year incidence of coronary heart disease morbidity and mortality among middle-aged men. The Honolulu Heart Program.Circulation,89,2540-2544.
  23. Slemenda, C.(1997).Prevention of hip fractures: risk factor modification.American Journal of Medicine,103,65-71.
  24. KiwiSport, sport the way kinds want it
  25. Physical activity taskforce report
  26. The KiwiSport Portfolio
  27. WHO Regional Office for Europe(2002).A physical active life through everyday transport with a special focus on children and older people and examples and approaches from Europe.Copenhagen:
  28. World Health Organization(1999).The WHO global initiative on active living.Geneva:
  29. 行政院體育委員會(2003)。九十一年體育統計。台北:
  30. 行政院體育委員會九十一年度施政績效報告
  31. 林房僭、陳惠美(2003)。南投縣運動人□倍增計畫之推動與展望。國民體育季刊,32,30-36。
  32. 徐錦興(2003)。屏東縣運動人□倍增計畫之推動與展望。國民體育季刊,32,37-42。
  33. 許能麗(2003)。依山傍水活力金門-金門縣運動人□倍增計畫之執行概況。國民體育季刊,32,22-24。
  34. 陳良輝(2003)。台北市運動人□倍增計畫之執行概況。國民體育季刊,32,13-16。
  35. 陳威村(2003)。中國大陸實施全民健身計畫之探討。國民體育季刊,32,83-87。
  36. 陳顯宗(2003)。台北縣市運動人□倍增計畫之推動與展望。國民體育季刊,32,25-29。
  37. 黃立賢(2003)。運動新北縣健康好生活台北縣運動人□倍增計畫之執行策略。國民體育季刊,32,17-21。
Times Cited
  1. 吳品錞(2012)。在校足量運動與不同運動時間對學生體適能、創造思考能力與數學學科成就之影響。成功大學教育研究所學位論文。2012。1-102。 
  2. 郭佩琦(2013)。臺南市國民中學體育教師、學生與家長對體適能納入十二年國民教育政策實施接受度之研究。長榮大學運動競技學系(所)學位論文。2013。1-139。 
  3. 陳德璘(2010)。2009高雄世運會對國中生運動行為及習慣影響之研究-跨理論模式之應用。長榮大學運動休閒管理學系(所)學位論文。2010。1-150。 
  4. 陳慧玲(2010)。大專校院體育館經營現況及使用者滿意度之調查研究-以逢甲大學多功能體育館為例。樹德科技大學經營管理研究所學位論文。2010。1-96。 
  5. 李少騰(2012)。不同程度肥胖童之心肺適能與身體活動量關係之研究。屏東科技大學休閒運動健康系所學位論文。2012。1-60。 
  6. 方圓媛(2010)。口腔及口咽癌患者於治療後身體活動狀況探討。臺灣大學護理學研究所學位論文。2010。1-85。 
  7. 陳瑞辰(Jui-Chen Chen);陳逸政(I-Cheng Chen);李俞麟(Yu-Lin Lee)(2013)。學生運動參與、體育教學滿意度與運動場館使用滿意度之研究-以某私立大學為例。運動休閒管理學報。10(4)。78-97。 
  8. 孫蓉蓉(2010)。某國立大學新生身體活動量、健康體適能及健康檢查結果相關因素研究。臺灣師範大學健康促進與衛生教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2010。1-117。
  9. 陳志遠(2012)。數理資優班學生體適能之研究-以臺北市國民中學為例。臺灣師範大學體育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2012。1-112。
  10. 許景林(2012)。國民體適能、身體活動及睡眠品質關係之研究—以嘉義地區為例。中正大學運動與休閒教育研究所學位論文。2012。1-97。
  11. 康永明(2012)。新竹市消防人員體適能及規律運動行為之研究。臺灣師範大學體育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2012。1-76。
  12. 朱蓓琪(2012)。國小學童跳繩專業化、SF-36健康量表與體適能之探討。亞洲大學休閒與遊憩管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2012。1-119。
  13. 陳葦凌(2016)。探討遛狗行為與身體活動量之相關研究。屏東科技大學休閒運動健康系所學位論文。2016。1-72。
  14. 吳建智(2016)。探討TABATA介入體育教學對學生體適能之成效。屏東科技大學休閒運動健康系所學位論文。2016。1-63。
  15. 謝旻修(2017)。臺中市執行SH150政策之個案探究。中興大學運動與健康管理研究所學位論文。2017。1-77。
  16. 黃毓君(2017)。高雄市兩校高中女學生國中教育會考成績與健康體適能差異之情形。樹德科技大學經營管理研究所學位論文。2017。1-65。