Title

戰後德國極右主義、極右政黨對憲政民主之挑戰

Translated Titles

German Ultra-Right Doctrine and Political Parties after the Second World War and Their Challenge to Constitutional Democracy

DOI

10.30401/RSS.200704_1(1).0002

Authors

葉陽明(Young-Ming Yeh)

Key Words

反憲政民主 ; 右激進主義極右主義 ; 極右政黨 ; 憲政民主秩序 ; 憲法保護護憲 ; 黨禁 ; anti-constitutional democracy ; ultra-right doctrine ; extreme right parties ; constitutional-democratic arrangements ; protection of constitution ; prohibition and prohibition and prohibition of political part

PublicationName

社會科學論叢

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

1卷1期(2007 / 04 / 01)

Page #

33 - 93

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

極右主義及其政黨是挑戰憲政民主的敵人。戰後德國極右主義為戰前國家社會主義的延續。大體而觀,極右政黨勢力發展上出現三大波態勢;每一波的衝擊皆有代表性的政黨,包括:社帝黨、國家民主黨、人民聯盟及共和國。比較下,國家民主黨對德國基本法秩序的威脅最大。德國護憲體系基於確保憲政秩序安定的職責,運用政治及司法手段,以對抗其不妥協的憲政敵手。其中強制性的黨禁措施能否真正解決政黨反憲政的問題,頗具爭議性。讓極右政黨在內鬥加劇和外在參選失利下自行潰散,應是付出最低政治成本的解決之道。

English Abstract

Utra-right doctrine and political parties are without a doubt the enemies of constitutional democracy. German right extremism after the World War Ⅱ has been influenced by pre-war National Socialism. Generally speaking, there were three main waves in the development process of extreme right parties. Each wave was represented by some extreme parties, namely, the SRP, NPD, DVU and REP. Among those parties, the NPD has been the most threatening one to the German constitutional arrangements, which are based on the Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany. In order to confront the constitutional enemies and protect constitutional arrangements, the German official system of to protect constitution uses the political and judicial means. It is contestable whether the prohibition of political parties among these means is useful to handle the problems of anti-constitutional democracy. Because of their internal conflicts and failure in elections, the extreme right parties will self-dissolute. This could be the way to solution at most low political cost.

Topic Category 社會科學 > 社會學
社會科學 > 經濟學
社會科學 > 政治學
Times Cited
  1. 王贊焜(2007)。政治共同體的再建構 - 德東人國族認同的轉變與延續。政治大學歐洲語文學程碩士在職專班(MPES)學位論文。2007。1-130。
  2. 江嘉偉(2012)。社會契約論的實踐與維護-以我國三權民主正當性控制及抵抗權為中心。臺北大學法律學系學位論文。2012。1-162。