Title

國民中學組織變革意識型態影響變革品質路徑之研究

Translated Titles

The Study of the Paths of the Influences on Quality through Ideology of Organizational Change in Junior High Schools

Authors

黃乃熒(Nai-Ying Whang);陳麗霞(Li- Shya Chen)

Key Words

國民中學 ; 學校組織變革意識型態態 ; 變革品質 ; junior high schools ; ideology of organizational change in schools ; quality of change

PublicationName

教育研究集刊

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

54:2期(2008 / 06 / 30)

Page #

93 - 136

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

本文旨在探索國民小學組織變革意識型態對變革品質影響之路徑。學校組織變革係指學校組織對新理念的採用,且意識型態會指涉理念體系,故其為學校組織變革的媒介,並經由變革型態,驅使人們對於執行策略進行選擇,來影響變革品質。而學校組織變革意識型態,係指在學校組織變革小,個體回應權力階級所形成的一套價值,分為正面與負面兩個向度。學校組織變革正而意識型態由具倫理性、功能性、及反省性特質的價值所組成,會經由變革之創生型態,驅使人們選擇有效執行策略,來提升變革品質;反之,學校組織變革負而意識型態由無倫理性、無功能性、及無反省性特質的價值所組成,會經由變革之靜態型態,以驅使人們排除選擇有效執行策略,會戕害變革品質。為了驗證本研究的理論,本研究採調查研究法,並在全臺灣地區719所國民小學,以分層隨機取樣抽取105所 學校為樣本,共寄出2500份問卷,有效同收問卷為1280份,有效回收率為53%,並以線性結構模式考驗研究假設,據以提卅結論與建議。

English Abstract

The study is to explore the paths of the influences on quality through ideology of organizational change in junior high schools. In fact, organizational change in schools is the adoption of a new idea by an organization, and an ideology refers to a set of closely related ideas. Therefore, ideology, as its medium, will influence the quality of organizational change in schools. In general, ideology of organizational change in schools is defined as the process and product of forming value systems. It involves positive and negative conceptual systems. Positive ideology includes the values of ethic, function, and reflection. On the other hand, negative ideology includes the values of non-ethic, non-function, and non-reflection. The quality of organizational change in schools is influenced by positive ideology through morphogenesis and effective implementation strategies. In contrast, the quality of organizational change in schools 1S influenced by negative ideology through morphostatics and ineffective implementation strategies. In order to achieve the purpose, the study uses the questionnaire method to collect data, choosing 105 out of 719 junior schools as samples through a stratified random sampling approach. Of 2500 questionnaires sent out, 1280 completed ones were obtained and studied. The Liseral model was then used to test research hypotheses. Based on the results, the study provides people with some suggestions.

Topic Category 社會科學 > 教育學
Reference
  1. 黃乃熒(2005)。學校組織變革之意識型態研究例―以一所國民中學爲例。師大學報:教育類,50(1),101-121。
    連結:
  2. Alange, S.,Jacobbsson, S.,Jarnethammar, A.(1998).Some aspects of an analytical framework for studying the diffusion of organizational innovations.Technology Analysis & Strategic Management,10(1),3-21.
  3. Albrecht. T. L.,Hall, B. J.(1991).Facilitating talk about new ideas: The role of personal relationships in organizational innovation.Communication Monographs,58,273-288.
  4. Alexander, H. A.(2005).Education in ideology.Journal of Moral Education,34(1),1-18.
  5. Althouse, P.(2004).The ideology of power in early American pentecostalism.Journal of Political Theory,13(1),97-115.
  6. Andersen, J. C.,Gerbing, D. W.(1988).Structural equation modeling in practice: A review and recommended two-step approach.Psychological Bulletin,103,411-423.
  7. Bawn, K.(1999).Constructing "Us": Ideology, coalition politics, and false consciousness.American Journal of Political Science,43(2),303-334.
  8. Beyer, J. M.,P. C. Nystrom,W. H. Starbuck (Eds.)(1981).Handbook of organizational design: I.New York:Oxford University Press.
  9. Bohm, D.,F. Suppe (Ed.)(1974).The structure of scientific theoroes.Urbana, IL:University of Illinois.
  10. Bollen, K. A.(1989).Structural equations with latent variables.New York:Wiley.
  11. Boomsma, A.,Hoogland, J. J.,R. Cudeck,S. du Toit,D. Sorbom (Eds.)(2001).Structural equation models: Present and future. A Festschrift in honor of Karl Joreskog.Chicago:Scientific Software International.
  12. Boudon, R.(1989).The analysis of ideology.Cambridge, UK:Polity Press.
  13. Buzzelli, C. A.,Johnston, B.(2002).The moral dimensions of teaching: Language, power and culture in classroom interaction.New York:Routledge.
  14. Byrne, B. M.(1998).Structural equation modeling with LISREL, PREKIS, and SIMPLIS: Basic concepts, applications, and programming.New Jersey:Lawrence Erlbaum Association.
  15. Chou, C. P.,Bentler, P. M.,R. H. Hoyle (Ed.)(1995).Structural equation modeling: Concepts, issues, and applications.Thousand Oaks, CA:Sage.
  16. Agnosticism/Atheism
  17. Conbere, J. P.,Heorhiadi, A.(2006).Cultural influences and conflict in organizational change in new entrepreneurial organizations in Ukraine.International Journal of Conflict Management,17(6),226-241.
  18. Curran, P. J.,West, S. G.,Finch, J. F.(1996).The robustness of test statistics to nonnormality and specification error in confirmatory factor analysis.Psychological Methods,1,16-29.
  19. Daft, R.(1989).Organization theory and design.New York:West Publishing Company.
  20. Day, M. T.(1998).Transformational discourse: Ideologies of organizational change in the academic library.Library Trnds,46(4),635-668.
  21. Deem, K.,Brehony, K. J.(2005).Management as ideology: The case of "new managerialism" in higher education.Oxford Review of Education,31(2),217-235.
  22. Derrida, J.(1978).Writing and difference.Chicago:The University of Chicago Press.
  23. Eagltcon, T.(1991).Ideology.London:Verso.
  24. Edwards, T.(2000).Innovation and organizational change: Developments toward an interactive process perspective.Technology Analysis & Strategic Management,12(4),445-464.
  25. Faber, S.(2004).The trope as trap: Ideology revisited.Culture, Theory & Critique,45(2),133-159.
  26. Finlayson, J. G.(2003).The theory of ideology and the ideology of theory: Habermas Contra Adorno.Historical Materialism,11(2),165-187.
  27. Freeden, M.(2006).Ideology and political theory.Journal of Political Ideologies,11(1),3-22.
  28. Fullan, M.(2003).Change forces with a vengeance.New York:Routtledge.
  29. Fullan, M.(2001).The new meaning of educational change.New York:Cassell.
  30. Giroux, H. A.,H. Giroux (Ed.)(2008).Theory and resistance in education: A pedagogy for the opposition.South HadlEy, MA:J. F. Bergin.
  31. Glynos, J.(2001).The grip of ideology: A Lacanian approach to the theory of ideology.Journal of Political Ideologies,6(2),191-214.
  32. Griffin, R.(2006).Ideology and culture.Journal of Political Ideologies,11(1),77-99.
  33. Hall, S.,M. Mathews (Ed.)(1983).Mart: A hundred years on.London:Lawrence and Wishart.
  34. Hamilton, M. B.(1987).The elements of the concept of ideology.Political Studies,35(1),18-38.
  35. Hatcher, L.(1994).A step-by-step approach to using the SAS system for factor analysis and structural equation modeling.Cary, NC:SAS Institute Inc.
  36. Hawkes, V. D.,Benzley, S. E.,Terry, R. E.(2004).Establishing ethics in an organization by using principles.Science and Engineering,10(2),259-267.
  37. Hodgkinson, C.(1996).Administrative philosophy: Values and motivations in administrative life.New York:Pergamon.
  38. Hoelter, J. W.(1983).The analysis of covariance structures: Goodness-of-fit indices.Sociological Mehtods & Research,11,325-344.
  39. James, L. R.,Mulaik, S. A.,Brett, J. M.(1982).Causal analysts: Assumptions, models, and data.Beverly Hills, CA:Sage.
  40. Joreskog, K .G.(1989).LISREL 7 user`s reference guide.Chicago:SPSS.
  41. Joreskog, K. G,Sorbom, D.(1996).LISREL 8 user`s reference guide.Chicago:Scientific Software.
  42. Komesar, N. K.(2004).Reflections on the essence of economics, the character of courts, the role of ideology, and the reform of legal education.Law & Social Inquiry,29(1),291-298.
  43. Kruse, S. D.(2001).Creating communities of reform: Continuous improvement planning teams.Journal of Educational Administration,39(4),359-383.
  44. Larrain, J.(1979).The concept of ideology.London:Hutchinson.
  45. Leonardo, Z.(2003).Discourse and critique: Outlines of a post-structural theory of ideology.Journal of Education Policy,18(2),203-214.
  46. Levin, J. S.(1998).Organizational change in community colleges.New York:Jossey-Bass.
  47. Lindblom, C. E.(1990).Inquiry and change.New York:Yale University Press.
  48. Loom, R. V.(2001).Organizational change: A ease study.Innovative Higher Education,25(4),285-301.
  49. Maxey, S, J.(1991).Educational leadership: A critical pragamatic perspective.New York:Bergin.
  50. McKinley, W.,Mone, M.,Barker, V.(1998).Some ideological foundations of organizational downsizing.Journal of Management Inquiry,7(3),198-212.
  51. MeLellan, D.(1995).Ideology.Muckingham, MK:Open University Press.
  52. Mulaik, S. A.,James, L. R.,Van Altine, J.,Bennett, N.,Lind, S.,Stilwell, C. D.(1989).Evaluation of goodness-of-fit indices for structural equation models.Psychological Bulletin,105,430-455.
  53. Muller, C. M.,Judd, C. M.(1981).Belief constraint and belief consensus: Toward an analysis of social movement ideologies-A research note.Social Force,60(1),182-187.
  54. Mullins, W. A.(2001).Truth and ideology: Reflections on Mannheim`s paradox.History & Theory,18(2),141-154.
  55. Muthen, L. K.,Muthen, B. O.(2002).How to use a Monte Carlo study to decide on sample size and determine power.Structural Equation Modeling,4,599-620.
  56. Newman, S.(2001).Spectres of Stirner: A contemporary critique of ideology.Journal of Political Ideologies,6(3),309-330.
  57. Normore, A. H.(2004).The edge of chaos: School administrators and accountability.Journal of Educational Administration,42(1),55-77.
  58. Olsson, U. H.,Foss, T.,Troye, S. V.,Howell, R. D.(2000).The performance of ML, GLS, and WLS estimation in structural equation modeling under condtions of misspecification and nonnormality.Structural Equation Modeling,7,557-595.
  59. Plamenatz, J.(1970).Ideology.London:Pall Mall.
  60. Prochaska, J. O.,Velicer, W. F.,Rossi, J. S.,Goldstein, M. G.,Marcus, B. H.,Rakowski, W.,Fiore, C.,Harlow, L. L.,Rosenbloom, D.,Rossi, S. R.(1994).Stages of change and decisional balance for 12 problem behaviors.Health Psychology,13,39-46.
  61. Reid, I.(2002).Wordworth institutionalized: The shaping of an educational ideology.History of Education,31(1),15-37.
  62. Rowe, A.,Hogarth, A.(2005).Use of complex adaptive systems metaphor to achieve professional and organizational change.Journal of Advanced Nursing,51(4),396-405.
  63. Sehermelleh-Engel, K.,Moosbrugger, H.,Muller, H.(2003).Evaluating the fit of structural equation models: tests of significance and descriptive goodness-of-fit measures.Methods of Psychological Research Online,8,23-74.
  64. Senge, P.(1990).The fifth discipline: The art & practice of learning organization.New York:Doubleday Currency.
  65. Shelby, T.(2003).Ideology, racism, and critical social theory.The Philosophical Forum,34(2),153-187.
  66. Sholle, D. J.(1988).Critical studies: From the theory of ideology to power/knowledge.Critical Studies in Mass Communication,5,16-41.
  67. Smith, H. R.,Caroll, A. B.(1984).Organizational ethics: A stacked deck.Journal of Business Ethics,3,95-100.
  68. Smith, K.,P. Goodman (Ed.)(1982).Change in organizations.San Francisco, CA:Jossey-Bass.
  69. Strike, K. A.,Haller E. J.,Soltis, J. F.(2005).The ethics of school administration.New York:Teachers College, Columbia University.
  70. Thompson, J, B.(1984).Studies in the theory of ideology.Cambridge, UK:Polity Press.
  71. van Dijk, T. A.(2006).Ideology and discourse analysis.Journal of Political Ideologies,11(2),115-140.
  72. Virgilo, S. J.,Virgilo, I. R.(2001).The role of the principal in curriculum implementation.Education,104(4),346-350.
  73. Wallis, B.(2006).The politics and ideology of intellectual property.Consumer Policy Review,16(3),117-122.
  74. Watt, J.(1994).Ideology, objectivity, and education.New York:Teachers College, Columbia University.
  75. Watzlawick, P.,Weakland, J.,Fisch, R.(1974).Change.New York:Notorn.
  76. West, S. G.,Finch, J. F.,Curran, P. J.,R. H. Hoyle (Ed.)(1995).Structural equation modeling: Concepts, issues, and applications.Thousand Oaks, CA:Sage.
  77. Williams, H.(1988).Concepts of ideology.New York:ST. Martin`s Press.
  78. 黃乃熒(1998)。行政院國家科學委員會專題研究計畫成果報告。臺北市:國立臺灣師範大學教育學系。
Times Cited
  1. 徐美鈴(2012)。學校行政執行力之研究~以新北市國民中學執行「校園正向管教」政策為例。國立臺北教育大學教育經營與管理學系學位論文。2012。1-409。