Translated Titles

A study of biomass briquettes potential in the Gambia.





Key Words

生物質 ; 燃料棒 ; 生物能 ; Biomass ; Briquettes ; Bio-energy ; Densification ; pellets.



Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication


Academic Degree Category




Content Language


English Abstract

A Study of Biomass Briquette Production potential in The Gambia, Taiwan New Bonafide Company as the best practice model for the Gambia to follow using SWOT analysis. The need for alternative sources of energy becomes a fast necessity against the backdrop of decreasing trends of availability of fuel wood and charcoal for cooking in the country and also high price of petroleum products. The world economy is dominated by technologies that rely on fossil fuel energy (petroleum, coal, and natural gas) to produce fuels, power, chemical and materials. While the use of conventional energy like oil, coal and electricity has grown enormously in the last half century. This heavy dependence on imported oil leads to economic and social uncertainties. Biomass have the ability to substituted for fuel and the conversion technologies are well developed which can transformed biomass to solid and liquid for heating, cooking and electricity generation. In the Gambia there is ample availability of biomass for efficient energy conversion and production of briquettes is both economic and financial viable and there’s no legislative barriers for the conversion biomass into briquette, currently the non participation of private individual or companies in the sector prevent it from reaching its full potential.

Topic Category 生物資源暨農學院 > 農業經濟學研究所
生物農學 > 農業
  1. A.B. Nasrin, A.N.Ma, Y.M.Choo, S.Mohamad, M.H.Rohaya, A.Azali and Z.Zainal. (2008), Oil Palm Biomass as Potential Substitute Raw Materials for Commercial Biomass Briquettes Production.
  2. Central Bank of Gambia, Annual Report 2010, CBG, MPC, Press release may 2012
  3. David appleyard, (2014). http://www.renewableenergyworld.com/rea/news/article/2014/02/burn-it-up-is-biomass-about-to-go-bang
  4. Development of a tool to model European biomass trade Report for IEA Bio-energy Task 40 (2011).
  5. Erin Voegele. (2013). European Union biomass association
  6. International Eenergy Agency (2011). http:// www.iea.org/textbase/nppdf/free/2011/key world energy statistics pdf.
  7. Jaya, .s. Tumuluru. Christopher, .T. Wright. Kevin, .L. Kenny. J. Richard Hess, (2010). A review on biomass densification technologies for energy application.
  8. Junginger, M., Gog, C.S., Faaji,A. (2014). International Bioenergy Trade, history, status and outlook on securing sustainable bioenergy supply, demand and markets.
  9. Maninder, Rupinderjit Singh Kathuria, Sonia Grover (2012), using Agricultural Residues as Biomass Briquetting: An Alternative sources of energy.
  10. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), (2004).“Biomass and agriculture”, sustainability, markets and policies.
  11. S.C.Bhattacharya, (2008). Biomass energy and densification, A Global Review with Emphasis on Developing countries.
  12. Sikkema, R., Steiner, M., Junginger, M., Hiegal, W., Hansen, M., & Faaji, A. (2011). The European wood pellet markets: current status and prospects for 2020. Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining, 5, 250-278.
  13. UNDP 201, Human Development Report, Sustainability and Equity: A better future for all.
  14. US Energy Agency (2013). Statistics and analysis from Annual Energy Outlook (2013)
  15. Annex 4.1 (2005), Report of the study on the feasibility of producing charcoal briquettes in the Gambia.
  16. Beya, J, Cook, J., Hall, D., Socolow, R and Willians, R (1991). “Towards Ecological Guidelines for Large-Scale Biomass Energy Development.” Report of a workshop for Engineers, Ecologists, and Policy-Makers convened by the national Audubon society and Princeton University.
  17. Department Of Planning (D.O.P)(2007). National Agricultural Sample Survey 2007, Ministry Of .Agriculture Banjul Republic of the Gambia
  18. Development Management Consultant International (DMCI) (2005) 8th EFD Support Regional Programme for the Promotion of household Energy in Sahel (PREDAS).
  19. Ecowas ECREEE (2011). Ecowas Renewable Energy Efficiency.
  20. EEP, (2013). Energy and Environment Partnership, Southern and East Africa.
  21. EPRI (2011). Power Generation Technology Data for integrated Resource plan of South Africa.EPRI, Palo. Alto, CA.
  22. FAO, (1996). FAO Regional wood energy development programme in Asia, Bangkok, Thailand.
  23. Gambia Government (2011). Central Statistic Department.
  24. Ghosh, K.P.,(2002), Converting Biomass. The statesman march 5th 2002.
  25. http//.search.proquest.com/docview/284145740?account:/38885retreived on 29.09.11.
  26. Grubler and Nakicenovic, (1988). The dynamic of evolution of methane technologies.
  27. http: www.economywatch.com/world/gambia/.
  28. International Renewable Energy Agency, IREA, Renewable Energy Technologies: cost analysis series, Biomass for power generation (2012).
  29. Junfeng, .L. Runqing, H. Li, Z and Zhengmin, Z. (2000) Biomass Resources Assessment in china, Asian Regional Research Programme in Energy Environment and Climate Phase ii.
  30. Keith Bennett (1998), Groundnut Shell briquetting in the Gambia
  31. Legacy foundation. Fuel briquette making, a user’s manual. Ashland, Oregon:legacy foundation (2003).
  32. MNES. 2002. Ministry of Non-Conventional Energy Sources 200102001 Annual Report. India.
  33. Nandini Shekhar (2010), popularization of Biomass Briquettes. A means for sustainable rural Development.
  34. Piers even (2013). Wood-based Biomass Blossoming in Asia.
  35. Ren21. (2013). Renewable global status report. Renewable Policy Network for 21st century.
  36. Republic of the Gambia (2007) National Energy Policy, sector overview, final draft by shale invest management international, Banjul the Gambia.
  37. Treena Hein (2014). Briquettes on fire-Canada Biomass.
  38. www.Altprofits.com/ref/ct/wei/wtsf/briquettes.html.
  39. www.greentechgambia.com