Title

哥倫比亞西北部下馬格達萊納盆地構造及地層架構

Translated Titles

Structural and stratigraphic frameworks of Lower Magdalena Valley of Northern Columbia

Authors

文湘君

Key Words

下馬格達萊納盆地 ; 前陸盆地 ; 豬背盆地 ; Lower Magdalena Valley ; foreland basin ; piggyback basin

PublicationName

臺灣大學海洋研究所學位論文

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

2015年

Academic Degree Category

碩士

Advisor

俞何興

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

Lower Magdalena Valley位於南美洲哥倫比亞西北角,由北部的Plato次盆地及南部的San Jorge次盆地共同組成,堆積漸新世-更新世沉積物。本研究利用三條與盆地走向大致垂直之西北-東南向震測剖面,及綜合一百餘口井下地質資料完成之各地層沉積環境重建圖,進行盆地構造及地層架構分析,研究成果發現Lower Magdalena Valley西側的San Jacinto逆衝斷層摺皺帶上方發育的豬背盆地,指明在逆衝斷層帶間形成凹陷,接受沉積物充填,可視為前陸盆地系統的楔形體上方堆積區,東側Lower Magdalena Valley內部顯示早期陸緣分裂形成之正斷層反轉,逆衝斷層上盤形成褶皺構造,後期沉積物大致呈水平堆積,向西側San Jacinto摺皺帶抬升減薄; Lower Magdalena Valley沉積演化與典型前陸盆地相似,盆地於早中新世沉積環境突然加深,形成半深海環境,對應前陸盆地演育的未充填(Underfilled)階段; 晚中新世之後,盆地沉積環境逐漸變淺,轉變以河流相為主之陸地沉積環境,對應前陸盆地演育的過充填(Overfilled)階段。研究結果顯示Lower Magdalena Valley之構造架構及沉積地層序列,基本上符合前陸盆地特徵,故推論Lower Magdalena Valley為一前陸盆地。

English Abstract

Lower Magdalena Valley is located in the northwest corner of Colombia of South America. It consists of the northern Plato sub-basin and the southern San Jorge sub-basin, filled with Oligocene to Pleistocene sediments. Using three seismic reflection profiles oriented in the northwest-southeast direction and approximately perpendicular to the regional strike, and depositional environment reconstruction maps based on the well logs and core data, this paper intends to establish the structural and stratigraphic frameworks of the Lower Magdalena Valley. The results of study show that: (1)The presence of piggyback basins in the San Jacinto fold-and-thrust belt located to the west of the Lower Magdalena Valley, indicates that sediments within the piggyback basins are deposited in the wedge-top depositional zone. (2)Inversion structures including basement-involved normal faults inherited from the pre-orogenic passive margins are reactivated as thrust faults. (3)Fault-propagation folds formed at the tip of a thrust fault. (4)Younger sediments are accumulated to form horizontal layers and thin toward San Jacinto fold-and-thrust belt since upper Miocene. (5)The progressive change of depositional environment of Lower Magdalena Valley are similar to that of foreland basin. During lower Miocene, the basin was characterized by bathyal environment belonging to an underfilled stage. Since upper Miocene, the basin has been filled with sediments, resulting upward coarsening sequence from bathyal to fluvial, the basin was characterized by fluvial environment reaching an overfilled stage. The structural and stratigraphic frameworks of Lower Magdalena Valley are similar to that of foreland basins. Therefore, the study infers that Lower Magdalena Valley can be considered as a foreland basin.

Topic Category 基礎與應用科學 > 海洋科學
理學院 > 海洋研究所
Reference
  1. [8] Alavi, M., 2004. Regional stratigraphy of the zagros fold-thrust belt of Iran and its proforland evolution. Am. Jour. Sci., 304, 1-20.
    連結:
  2. [11] Catuneanu, O.,2004. Retroarc foreland systems-evolution through time. Jour. of African Ear. Sci.,38,225-242.
    連結:
  3. [12] Crampton, S. L. & Allen, P. A. (1995) Recognition of forebulge unconformities associated with early stage foreland basin development: Example from the North Alpine foreland basin. Am. Ass. Pet. Geol. Bull., 79, 1495-1514.
    連結:
  4. [13] Cooper, M. A., Addision, F. T., AQlvarez, R., Coral, M., Graham, R. H., Hayward, A. B., Howe, S.Martinez, J., Naar, J., Penas, R., Pulham, A. J. and Taborda, A., 1995, Basin development andtectonichistory of the Llanos Basin, Eastern Cordillera, and Middle Magdalena Valley, Colombia: AAPG Bulletin, v. 79, p. 1421-1443.
    連結:
  5. [15] Covey, M. 1986. The evolution of foreland basin to steady state: evidence from the western Taiwan foreland basin. In: Foreland Basins(eds. P.A. Allen and P. Homewood), 77-90, Special Publication Internation of Sedimentology, 8, Blackwell Scientific, Oxford.
    連結:
  6. [16] DeCelles, P. G. & Gilest, K. A., 1996. Foreland Basin systems. Basin Res., 8 , 105-123.
    連結:
  7. [17] Dengo, C. A, and Covey, M. C., 1993, Structure of the Eastern Cordillera of Colombia:Implications for Trap Styles and Regional Tectonics: AAPG 103 Bulletin, v.77, p. 1315-1337.
    連結:
  8. [18] Dickinson, W.R. and Seely, D.R., 1979. Structure and stratigraphy of forearc regions. Bulletin American Association of Petroleum Geologists, 63, 2-31.
    連結:
  9. [23] Fleminings, P.B. and Jordan, T.E., 1989. A synthetic stratigrapgic model of foreland basin development. Journal of Geophysical Research, 94, B3851-B3866.
    連結:
  10. [24] Furgo Robertson Limited, 2010. Lower Magdalena Basin. Confidential document.
    連結:
  11. [25] Goncalves, T. T., Mora, C. A., Cordoba, F., Kairuz, E. C., Giraldo, B.N.,2002.Petroleum generation andmigration in the Putumayo basin,Colombia: insights from an organic geochemistry and basin modeling study in foothills. Marine and Petrol. Geol.,19,711-725.
    連結:
  12. [27] Haq, B.U., Hardenbol, J., Vail, P.R., 1987. Chronology of fluctuating sea levels since the Triassic (250 million years ago to present). Science 235, 1156-1166.
    連結:
  13. [28] Kellogg, J. N., and V. Vega, 1995, Tectonic development of Panama, Costa Rica, and the Colombian Andes: Constraints fromglobal positioning systemgeodetic studies and gravity: Geological Society of America Special Paper 295, p. 75–90.
    連結:
  14. [31] Mauffret, A., and S. Leroy, 1997, Seismic stratigraphy and structure of the Caribbean igneous province: Tectonophysics, v. 283, p. 61–104.
    連結:
  15. [32] Meschede, M., and W. Frisch, 1998, A plate-tectonic model for the Mesozoic and Early Cenozoic history of the Caribbean plate: Tectonophysics, v. 296, p. 269–291. Muehlberger, W. R., 1992, Tectonic map of North America: AAPG, Scale 1:5,000,000.
    連結:
  16. [33] Molnar, P. and Atwater, T., 1978. Interarc spreading and Cordilleran tectonics as alternates related to the age of subducted oceanic lithosphere .Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 41, 330-340.
    連結:
  17. [34] Ori, G.G. and Friend, P.F., 1984. Sedimentary basins formed and carried piggyback on active thrust sheets. Geology, 12: 475-478
    連結:
  18. [36] Penningtong, W., 1981. Subduction of the Eastern Panama Basin and the seismotectonics of northwestern South American Journal Geophysical Research., v. 86, pp. 10,753-10,770.
    連結:
  19. [38] Philip A. Allen and John R. Allen, 2005. Basin Analysis (2nd ed.).Blackwell Publishing.
    連結:
  20. Alpine orogenic wedge: stratigraphic response in the Foreland basin. Basin Res., 4, 215-232.
    連結:
  21. [44] Tamaki, K. and Honza, E., 1991. Global tectonics and formation of marginal basins; Role of the Western Pacific. Episodes, 14, 224-230.
    連結:
  22. [45] Van Der Hilst, R., and P. Mann, 1994, Tectonic implications of tomographic images of subducted lithosphere beneath northwestern South America: Geology, v. 22, p. 451–454.
    連結:
  23. [1] 陳建強,2008。第九章:板塊構造及沉積作用。「沉積學及古地理學」課程,中國地質大學(北京)。
  24. [2] 林國安等人, 2003。石油探採(第一冊) – 石油地質,中國石油股份有限公司訓練教材叢書,中油訓練所。
  25. [3] 周穎蔚,1999。台灣西部前陸盆地地體架構,彎曲隆起演化及彎曲張裂構造型態。國立台灣大學海洋研究所博士論文。
  26. [4] 俞何興及蔣正興,2006。前陸盆地之地層研究—應用於石油探勘領域(計畫編號:NSC 95-ET-7-002-012-ET)。國立台灣大學海洋研究所。
  27. [5] 楊福忠、魏春光、尹繼全、張春雷、謝寅符,2009。南美西北部典型含油氣盆地構造特徵。大地構造與成礦學: 第33卷第2期:頁數230-235。
  28. [6] 劉亢、曲國勝、許華明,2008。前陸盆地構造作用之沉積響應。新疆石油地質; 第29卷第6期:頁數778-781。
  29. [7] 姜在興,2003。沉積學,北京第一版,石油工業出版社。
  30. [9] Barrero, D., Pardo, A., Vargas, C, A.,and Martinez, J. F., 2007, Colombian Sedimentary Basins: AGENCIA NACIONAL DE HIDROCARBUROS - A.N.H.-, unpublished.
  31. [10] Casero, P.,2004.Structure setting of petroleum exploration plays in italy. Spec. Volume of Italian Geol. Society for the IGC32 Florence-2004,189-199.
  32. [14] Caro, Miryam, 2003. Structural evolution of the San Jacinto fold belt, NW Colombia: master thesis, University of Calgary, Alberta.
  33. [19] Dewey, J.F., 1980. Episodicity, sequence, and style at convergent plate boundaries. In: The Continental Crust and its Mineral Deposits(ed. By D.W. strangeway), Special Paper Geology Association of Canada, 20, 553-573.
  34. [20] Ecopetrol( EMPRESA COLOMBIANA DE PETRÓLEOS), 2007. INFORME GEOLÓGICO REGIONAL DE LA PROVINCIA PETROLÍFERA DEL NOROCCIDENTE COLOMBIANO. Confidential document.
  35. [21] Energy Information Administration(EIA), 2015. Web page http://www.eia.gov/
  36. [22] Flinch, J.F., 2003. Structural evolution of the Sinú-Lower Magdalena area (northern Colombia) In: Claudio Bartolini, Richard T. Buffler, and Jon F. Blickwede (eds), AAPG Memoir 79, The Circum-Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean.
  37. [26] Hunter, J.A., Pullan, S.E., Burns, R.A., Gagne, R.M., and Good, R.L. (1989): Applications of a shallow seismic reflection method to groundwater and engineering studies, Ontario Geol. Survey Sp. 3: 704~715.
  38. [29] Kellogg, J., Ogujiofor, I. and kansaker, D., 1985. Cenozoic tectonics of the Panamá and north Andes Blocks, Vi Latin-American Geological Congress, Bogotá, Colombia, PP.43-59.
  39. [30] Mann, P., L. Gahagan, and M. Gordon, 2003. Tectonic setting of the world’s giant oil and gas fields, in M. Halbouty, ed., Giant oil fields of the decade 1990–1999: AAPG Memoir 78, p. 15–105.
  40. [35] Patrice BABY, Marco RIVADENEIRA, Frédéric CHRISTOPHOUL, Roberto BARRAGAN, 1999. STYLE AND TIMING OF DEFORMATION
  41. IN THE ORIENTE BASIN OF ECUADOR. Fourth ISAG , Goettingen (Germany), 04-06/10/1999.
  42. [37] Pindell J., and Kennan L., 2002, Plate Model for the Caribbean, IUGS/UNESCO IGCP Project 433
  43. [39] Reyes Harker, A., G. Montenegro Buitrago, and G. David Gomez, 2000, Evolucion Tectonoestratigrafica del Valle Inferior del Magdalena, Colombia: Memoria VII Simposio Bolivariano, Exploracion Petrolera en las Cuencas Subandinas, Sociedad Venezolana de Geologos, Caracas, Venezuela, September 2000, p. 293–309.
  44. [40] Reyes-Santos, J. P., M. Mantilla Monsalve, and J. Sebastian Gonzalez, 2000, Regiones Tectono-Sedimentarias del Valle Inferior del Magdalena, Colombia: Memoria VII Simposio Bolivariano, Exploracion Petrolera en las Cuencas Subandinas, Sociedad Venezolana de Geologos, Caracas, Venezuela, September 2000, p. 310–333.
  45. [41] Sinclair, H. D. & Allen, P. A.,1992. Vertical vs. horizontal motions in the
  46. [42] Sinton, C. W., R. A. Duncan, M. Storey, J. Lewis, and J. J. Estrada, 1998, An oceanic flood basalt province within the Caribbean plate: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 155, p. 221–235.
  47. [43] Taylor, Brian. (1995). Backarc Basins: Tectonics and Magmatism. New York: Plenum Press. 10-ISBN 0306449374/13-ISBN 9780306449376; OCLC 32464941
  48. [46] Wood Mackenzie Limited, 2010 .Country Overview-Latin America (Andean) - Colombia. Confidential document.