Title

台灣農會對墨西哥農業的啟示

Translated Titles

The Development of Taiwan Farmers’ Association and its Application to Mexican Agriculture

DOI

10.6342/NTU.2010.01677

Authors

方維多

Key Words

墨西哥 ; 台灣 ; 農會 ; 農業經濟 ; Mexico ; Taiwan ; Farmers’ Association ; Agricultural Marketing ; Agricultural Finance ; Neoliberal and NAFTA.

PublicationName

臺灣大學農業經濟學研究所學位論文

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

2010年

Academic Degree Category

碩士

Advisor

吳榮杰

Content Language

英文

English Abstract

On January 31st, 2003, thousands of Mexican farmers took Mexico City streets in angry protest. Marching under the slogan: “The countryside cannot take it anymore!” the farmers were complaining for fifteen years of poverty and marginalization. Since the 1990s Mexico has approved several neoliberal reforms in the constitution. In 1994, Mexico, the United States, and Canada signed the North American Free Trade Agreement. After fifteen years, the farmers demanded that the agricultural chapter be renegotiated, a guaranteed living wage, and that their contribution to national food security be recognized. The Mexican agriculture industry is characterized by the development and growth economy in northern states, based on agribusiness and big companies; however, the vulnerability in southern states is exposed by the poorest Mexican farmers. “The main problem is that there is not an organization at national level that can provide help to all Mexican farmers. Having as a result more developed northern states than the southern states”. This research presents a generalized economic model to develop a new Farmers’ Association system in Mexico, in order to reduce the gap between poor and wealthy farmers in rural Mexico. Moreover, the creation of a new farmers’ association in Mexico will contribute to the development of agricultural marketing and finance. In reality it is difficult to implement a new FAs system based on political, economical, and social differences that co-exist within Mexico. Moreover, there is also the resistance from government and farmers who are unprepared to improve the current agricultural cooperatives in Mexico, and change it into a Farmers’ Association at national level. However, it is worthy to study and analyze the Taiwan agricultural development (a successful case) based on cooperation among farmers and the final outcome of implementing a farmers’ association.

Topic Category 生物資源暨農學院 > 農業經濟學研究所
生物農學 > 農業
Reference
  1. Mexico. South African Avocado Growers’ Association Yearbook.
    連結:
  2. Akridge, Jay & Erickson, Steven (2002). Agribusiness Management. New York, US:
    連結:
  3. Assies, Willem (2008). Land Tenure and Tenure Regimes in Mexico: An Overview.
    連結:
  4. Establish a Healthy, Efficient, and Sustainable Agriculture for All the Citizens. Retrieved July 2008.
    連結:
  5. Dovring, Folke (1970). Land Reform and Productivity in Mexico. Land Economics,
    連結:
  6. Eakin, Hallie (2006). Weathering Risk in Rural Mexico: Climatic, Institutional, and
    連結:
  7. England: The Johns Hopkins University Press;
    連結:
  8. Guadalupe, Rodriguez & Snyder, Richard (2000). Strategies for Resource Management,
    連結:
  9. Johnson, Nancy (2001). Tierra y Libertad: Will Tenure Reform Improve Productivity in
    連結:
  10. Jones, Gareth & Ward, Peter (1998). Privatizing the Commons: Reforming the Ejido and
    連結:
  11. Urban Development in Mexico. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 22(1), 76-93. Retrieved from EconLit Full Text Database.
    連結:
  12. Agricultural and Rural Development in Taiwan. Bangkok, Thailand: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
    連結:
  13. Liu, Fu-Shan (1994). Building an Agricultural Financial System in a Developing Country:
    連結:
  14. Liu, Fu-Shan (1994). Building an Agricultural Marketing System in a Developing Country:
    連結:
  15. McDonald, James (2001). Reconfiguring the Countryside: Power, Control, and the
    連結:
  16. Francisco, US: West view Press.
    連結:
  17. Patel, Rajeev (2008). Stuffed and Starved: The Hidden Battle for the World Food System.
    連結:
  18. Peng, Tso (1997). Agricultural Status and Policy Development in the Republic of China
    連結:
  19. Perramond, Eric (2008). The Rise, Fall, and Reconfiguration of the Mexican Ejido.
    連結:
  20. Poleman, Thomas (1964). The Papaloapan Project: Agricultural Development in the
    連結:
  21. Mexican Tropics. Stanford, US: Stanford University Press.
    連結:
  22. Sanderson, Steven (1986). The Transformation of Mexican Agriculture: International
    連結:
  23. Snyder, Richard (1999). Institutional Adaption and Innovation in Rural Mexico. San
    連結:
  24. Stanford, Lois (2002). Constructing Quality: The Political Economy of Standards in
    連結:
  25. Thompson, Gary & Wilson, Paul (1994). Ejido Reforms in Mexico: Conceptual Issues and
    連結:
  26. Taiwan: Department of Agricultural Economics, National Taiwan University.
    連結:
  27. Young, Linda (1988). Economic Development and Employment: Agro-industrialization in
    連結:
  28. Aguilera, Montanez & Salazar, Garcia (1991). The Avocado Industry in Michoacan,
  29. McGraw-Hill Education.
  30. Journal of Agrarian Change, 8(1), 33-63. Doi: 10.1111/j. 1471-0366.2007.00162.x.
  31. Carlsen, Laura (1991, December). Ejido Reforms Spark Debate. Business Mexico, 1(10),
  32. 32. Retrieved December 1, 2009, from ABI/INFORM Global.
  33. Chen, Hsi-Huang (2002). Policy Options of Taiwan’s Agricultural Development-
  34. Strategies and Problems. Taoyuan, Taiwan (ROC): International Center for Land Policy Studies and Training.
  35. Cord, Louise & Wodon Quentin (2001). Do Agricultural Programs in Mexico Alleviate
  36. Poverty? Evidence from the Ejido Sector. Cuadernos de Economia 38(114), 239-256, Retrieved from Academic Search Complete Database.
  37. Council of Agriculture, Executive Yuan. Guidelines of the New Agricultural Policies-
  38. Crabtree, Penni (1992, November). UCSD to Study Mexico’s New Agricultural Land
  39. Reforms. San Diego Business Journal, (1) 13(44), 6. Retrieved December 1, 2009, from ABI/INFORM Dateline.
  40. De Lasson, Aksel (1989). A Restudy of the Taiwan Farmers’ Associations. Germany:
  41. ALANO Verlag GmbH & Co Kg.
  42. 46(3), 264. Retrieved from Business Source Premier Database.
  43. Economic Change. Tucson, US: University of Arizona Press.
  44. Eicher, Carl & Staatz, John (1998). International Agricultural Development. London,
  45. Finkler, Kaja (1978). From Sharecroppers to Entrepreneurs: Peasant Household
  46. Production Strategies under the Ejido System of Mexico. Economic Development & Cultural Change, 27(1), 103. Retrieved from Business Source Premier Database.
  47. Grabowski, Richard & Self, Sharmistha (2007). Economic Development: A Regional,
  48. Institutional, and Historical Approach. London, England: M.E. Sharpe.
  49. Production, and Marketing in Rural Mexico. San Diego, California, US: Center for U.S.-Mexican Studies.
  50. Mexico’s Ejido Agriculture? Economic Development & Cultural Change, 49(2), 291. Retrieved from Business Source Premier Database.
  51. Kwon, Min-Hioh (1964). Farmers’ Association and their Contributions Toward
  52. Lazaroff, Leon (1992, September). Desert Capitalism: Agribusiness, Maquiladoras and a
  53. Gold Rush Spur Economic Development in Sonora-Sinaloa. Business Mexico, 2(9), 24. Retrieved December 1, 2009, from ABI/INFORM Global.
  54. Lin, Kuo-Ching (2008, September 11). Off-Farm Income and Rural Development: Taiwan
  55. Experience and Policy Implications. Seoul, Korea: The 7th Asia Pacific Agricultural Policy Forum.
  56. Liu, Fu-Shan (1995). Building and Agricultural Extension System in a Developing
  57. Country: The Taiwan Experience. Taipei, Taiwan (ROC): Maw Chang Book Company.
  58. The Taiwan Experience. Taipei, Taiwan (ROC): Maw Chang Book Company.
  59. The Taiwan Experience. Taipei, Taiwan (ROC): Maw Chang Book Company.
  60. (re)Organization of Farmers in West Mexico. Human Organization, 60(3), 247-258. Retrieved March, 17,2010, from ABI/INFORM Global.
  61. Orlove, Benjamin & Foley, Michael (1989). State, Capital, and Rural Society. San
  62. New York, US: Melville House Pub.
  63. on Taiwan. Taipei, Taiwan (ROC): Council of Agriculture, Executive Yuan.
  64. Geographical Review, 98(3), 356-371. Retrieved from Academic Search Complete Database.
  65. Structure and the Politics of Rural Change. New Jersey, US: Princeton University Press.
  66. Diego, US: Center for US- Mexican Studies, University of California-San Diego.
  67. Mexico’s Avocado Industry. Kluwer Academic Publishers, p. 293. Retrieved May 16 2002, from ABI/INFORM Global.
  68. Potential Outcomes. Land Economics, 70(4), 448. Retrieved from Business Source Premier Database.
  69. Thompson, Ginger (2002, December 19). NAFTA to Open Foodgates Engulfing Rural
  70. Mexico. New York Times (Late Edition (East Coast)), p. A.3. Retrieved March 17, 2010, from Banking Information Source.
  71. Venezian, Eduardo & Gamble, William (1969). The Agricultural Development of Mexico:
  72. Its Structure and Growth Since 1950. New York, US: Frederick A Praeger Publishers.
  73. Woo, Rhung-Jieh (2005). Prospect of Agricultural Finance System in Taiwan. Taipei,
  74. Mexico’s El Bajio. Journal of Economic Issues, 22(2), 389. Retrieved December 1, 2009, from ABI/INFORM Global.