Translated Titles

The Economic Analysis and Prospects of Utilizing Biogas in The Gambia




陶 莉

Key Words

Biogas ; Bioslurry ; Cow-dung ; Energy ; Household ; The Gambia ; Wastewater ; Biogas ; Bioslurry ; Cow-dung ; Energy ; Household ; The Gambia ; Wastewater



Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication


Academic Degree Category




Content Language


English Abstract

This study attempts to investigate the economy and sustainability of using biogas in rural Gambia and future strategies towards cleaner energy for cooking. The author also intends to use the diffusion model for uses of low cost resources available to the farmers concerned, comparing the biogas system of other countries like Taiwan, Nepal, Sri-lanka, and India. Domestic biogas installations principally reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in three ways: by changing the manure management modality; by substituting fossil fuels and non-renewable biomass for cooking (and to a smaller extent for lighting) with biogas, and; by substituting chemical fertilizer with bioslurry. The scope of this thesis is based on the use of cattle-dung for biogas production and is limited to the development of biogas for household purposes and mainly for use as cooking energy source. Worldwide, biogas is being produced using wide ranging biodegradable materials and with equally wide ranges of usage at domestic, communal, commercial and industrial levels. The purpose of this study is to explore feasibility for the country-wide development and usage of biogas for household cooking in The Gambia in other to save our forest. The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) promotes sustainable development in developing countries by enabling industrialized countries to earn emissions credits from their investments in emission-reducing projects in developing countries. Biogas programmes help reduce the emissions of greenhouse gases, mainly methane. These reductions are obtained by burning biogas instead of firewood, charcoal, kerosene, dried animal waste or agriculture residues for their domestic cooking and lighting energy needs.

Topic Category 生物資源暨農學院 > 農業經濟學研究所
生物農學 > 農業
  1. Bui Xuan An (2002) “University of Agriculture and Forestry” Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam-2002
  2. Chanakya H N, Bhat P R, and Ravindranath N H (2001) “Biogas plants dissemination success story of Sirsi” India. J Energy Sustain. Dev. 2001.
  3. Council of Agriculture (2002) “Agricultural statistics yearbook” 2002. Taipei, Taiwan: COA, 2002.
  4. International workshop on domestic biogas in Nepal – April 2010-04-25
  5. International Lactation Consultant Association ILCA report 2008
  6. McKendry P. (2002) “Energy production from biomass (part 1): overview of biomass” Bioresource Technology 83 (2002), pp. 37–46.)
  7. Ramage J. and Scurlock J.(1996) “Biomass. In: G. Boyle, Editor”, Renewable energy: power for a sustainable future, Oxford University Press, Oxford (1996), p. 137
  8. The Gambia Government (2007) “poverty reduction strategy paper” annual progress report, Sept. 2007, IMF country report N0. 07/308
  9. The Gambia Government (2009) “poverty reduction strategy paper” – annual progress report, Feb. 2009, IMF country report N0. 09/75
  10. Tsai WT and Chou YH (2003) “Government policies for encouraging industrial waste reuse and pollution prevention in Taiwan” Journal of Cleaner Production 2003 (in press).
  11. Zhang Mi (2008) “the international workshop on financing of domestic biogas plants” October 2008, Bangkok, Thailand
  12. Asian Productivity Organization (APO). (1995) “Appropriate energy sources for rural areas” APO, Tokyo, Japan, 1995, p. 109–121
  13. BSP incollaboration with Winrock (2004/5) “Financing biogas, reference manual for microfinance institutes in Nepal” -2061, 2004/5
  14. Chanakya H. N, Rajabapaiah P, and Madak J. (2004) “Evolving biomass based biogas plants” the ASTRA experience, current science vol.87, N0 7, 2004
  15. Chen Hsin-hao (1995) “Crop-livestock farming in the upland of Taiwan” animal industry department. COA 1995-06-01
  16. Council of Agriculture Taiwan (2009) “A brief introduction of swine wastewater treatment system in Taiwan” May 21, 2009
  17. FAO report (2008) “animal production and health division” October 2008
  18. Grangulli N K and Chanakya H N (1994) “Cultivation of mushrooms on spend biomass from biogas plants” Current Science. 1994
  19. Heegde Felix ter (2008), “domestic biogas and carbon” May 2008 SNV
  20. Ho D. F. (2003) “Prospects of renewable energy for electricity generation in Taiwan”. In: Proceedings of the energy technology for technological and vocational teachers (in Chinese), 25–26 April, Taipei, Taiwan, 2003.)
  21. Karve AD (2006) “Appropriate Rural Technology Institute survey” N0.13, July 2006 by Dr. AD Karve
  22. Karya Khaula and Hilman Heliannti “Micro lending for expanding access to energy services, models that bridge the gap between access to energy and microfinance”
  23. Li Jun (2008) “Problems and suggestions on rural biogas program with national loan China biogas” 2008
  24. Ministry of Economic Affairs (MOEA). Taiwan energy statistics annual report. MOEA, Taipei, Taiwan, 2001.
  25. Sharma Shuva and Team (2008) “study report on prospective biogas programme in the Gambia” – May 2008
  26. SNV: Building viable domestic biogas programmes; success factors in development – June 2008
  27. Su J.J, Lian W.C, and Wu J.F. (1999) “Studies on piggery wastewater treatment by a full-scale sequencing batch reactor after anaerobic fermentation”. Journal of the Agricultural Association of China 188 (1999), pp. 47–59.
  28. Taiwan agriculture by COA – FFTC, report on Taiwan, 2007-02-05
  29. Tenune Bastaan (2007) “Biogas programme in Vietnam” 20 Aug 2007
  30. The Gambia multiple indicator cluster survey 2005/2006 report http://www.snvworld.org/en/ourwork/pages/energy.aspx
  31. 2009, industrial technology research institute, http://www.itri.org.tw/