Title

臺灣地區性養豬戶之生產效率分析

Translated Titles

Productive Efficiency Analysis of Swine Farmers from Different Areas in Taiwan

DOI

10.6342/NTU.2014.02380

Authors

丘少波

Key Words

生產效率 ; 資料包絡法 ; Malmquist 生產力指數 ; 二十二個縣市 ; Productive Efficiency ; DEA ; Malmquist TFP index ; the Twenty-two areas

PublicationName

臺灣大學農業經濟學研究所學位論文

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

2014年

Academic Degree Category

碩士

Advisor

陳政位

Content Language

英文

Chinese Abstract

本研究主要分析臺灣地區性養豬戶之生產效率,選取全臺灣二十二個縣市的養豬戶進行分析;八個市(新北市、臺北市、臺中市、臺南市、高雄市、基隆市、新竹市和嘉義市)同十四個縣(宜蘭縣、桃園縣、新竹縣、苗栗縣、彰化縣、南投縣、雲林縣、嘉義縣、屏東縣、臺東縣、花蓮縣、澎湖縣、金門縣和連江縣)。研究期間為2005年11月至2012年11月的臺灣各地區養豬戶生產資料,應用Färe et. al. (1994) 所提出的係運用資料包絡法 (DEA 模型)及S. Grosskopf, M. Norris and Zhang (1994) 所提的Malmquist 生產力指數,評估臺灣各地區性的養豬戶之生產效率,並探討臺灣養豬產業發展之趨勢。 實證結果:根據2005~2012 年的資料包絡法效率分析之總平均結果,在這二十二個縣市當中,只有彰化縣、嘉義縣、屏東縣和連江縣的生產效率─技術效率(TE_CRS)同純粹技術效率(TE_VRS)都保持在1.000。而在Malmquist 生產力指數分析中:則以彰化縣、雲林縣、嘉義縣、屏東縣和臺東縣的生產力指數變動成長為最佳。最後透過二個模型的整合,顯示臺灣地區性養豬戶之生產效率與各地區性養豬戶的數量有正向的影響。

English Abstract

This study attempted to analyze the productive efficiency of swine farmers from different production areas in Taiwan. There are total twenty-two areas chosen to analyze, including eight cities (New Taipei City, Taipei City, Taichung City, Tainan City, Kaohsiung City, Keelung City, Hsinchu City and Chiayi City) and fourteen counties (Yilan County, Taoyuan County, Hsinchu County, Miaoli County, Changhua County, Nantou County, Yunlin County, Chiayi County, Pingtung County, Taitung County, Hualien County, Penghu County, Kinmen County, Lienchiang County). The periods of the monthly household data from November 2005 to November to 2012 were enclosed. Standard CRS and VRS data envelopment analyses (DEA) from Färe et al (1994) and the Malmquist TFP index form S. Grosskopf, M. Norris and Zhang (1994) were used to measure the technical efficiency of swine farmers of the different areas in Taiwan. According to the empirical results of the totally average productive efficiency of DEA from 2005 to 2012, Tainan City, Changhua County, Yunlin County, Pingtung County and Lienchiang County among the twenty-two areas have the best effective value which their TE_CRS and TE_VRS are equal to 1.00. With the Malmquist TFP index, Changhua County, Yunlin County, Chiayi County, Pingtung County and Taitung County have also the highest growth rates. By integrating the two models, the results show the productive efficiency of the different areas and the densities of swine farmers have a positive impact.

Topic Category 生物資源暨農學院 > 農業經濟學研究所
生物農學 > 農業
Reference
  1. 行政院農業委員會,2012, 農產貿易統計要覽。
    連結:
  2. 李建強、張佩鈴、陳珮芬,2006。「台灣毛豬市場批發價格的非線性模型分析」。農業經濟半年刊, 80 期,頁 59-91。
    連結:
  3. 陳柏琪,2012。「灣養豬戶經營效率及影響效率因素之研究:網絡資料包絡分析法的應用」生產力與效率特刊,9 月
    連結:
  4. 林盛華。2009,「臺灣肉品市場經營效率分析-資料包絡法」碩士論文,臺灣大學農業經濟學系。
    連結:
  5. Asmild, M. and J. L. Hougaard, 2006, “Economic versus Environmental Improvement Potentials of Danish Pig Farms,” Agricultural Economics, 35: 171-181.
    連結:
  6. Chen, P.-C. (2012). "Measurement of technical efficiency in farrow-to-finish swine production using multi-activity network data envelopment analysis: evidence from Taiwan." 38(3): 319-331.
    連結:
  7. Farrell M.J. (1957). The measurement of productive efficiency. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society. Series A General, 120(3): 253-281.
    連結:
  8. Färe, R., S. Grosskopf, M. Norris and Zhang (1994). "Productivity Growth, Technical Progress, and Efficiency Change in Industrialized Countries." The American Economic Review 84(1): 66-83.
    連結:
  9. Hadley, D., E. Fleming, et al. (2013). "Is Input Mix Inefficiency Neglected in Agriculture? A Case Study of Pig-based Farming Systems in England and Wales." Journal of Agricultural Economics 64(2): 505-515.
    連結:
  10. Hsiao, C. K., Yang, C. C., 2007. Performance measurement in wastewater control—pig farms in Taiwan. In: Brebbia C. A., Kungolos, A. G. (Eds.), Water Resources Management IV. WIT Press, Boston, pp. 467–474.
    連結:
  11. Huang,Y. H., 2002. Establish a Management Information System for Farrow-tofinish Pig Farms in Taiwan (in Chinese). Ph.D. thesis, Nation Chung-Hsing University, Taichung, Taiwan.
    連結:
  12. K. Galanopoulos et al, 2006. “Assessing the effects of managerial and production practices on the efficiency of commercial pig farming” Agricultural Systems 88 (2006) 125–141.
    連結:
  13. Lansink A.O. and S. Reinhard, 2004. “Investigating technical efficiency and potential technological change in Dutch pig farming” Agricultural Systems 79 (2004) 353–367
    連結:
  14. Lotte Kroeze, 2013. “A comparison of efficiency and productivity growth of pig farming in the Netherlands and Denmark” Business Economics Group, Wageningen University
    連結:
  15. Reyfong Tsai and Gary W. Williams, 1993. “Taiwanese Livestock and Feed grain Industries” TAMRC International Market Research Report No. IM-2-93.
    連結:
  16. Rasmussen, S. (2010). "Scale efficiency in Danish agriculture: an input distance–function approach." European Review of Agricultural Economics 37(3): 335-367.
    連結:
  17. Sharma, K.R., Leung, P.S., Zaleski, H.M., 1999b. Technical, allocative and economic efficiencies in swine production in Hawaii: a comparison of parametric and nonparametric approaches. Agricultural Economics 20, 23–35.
    連結:
  18. S.-H. Oh and N. C. Whitley, 2011.“Pork Production in China (Taiwan), Japan and South Korea” Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci.Vol. 24, No. 11 : 1629 – 1636.
    連結:
  19. Tonsor, G. T. and A. M. Featherstone, 2009, “Production Efficiency of Specialized Swine Producers,” Review of Agricultural Economics, 31: 493-510.
    連結:
  20. Wilson, P. W. (2010). Package 'FEAR' Frontier Efficiency Analysis with R: Routines for analyzing and estimating the productive efficiency of firms.
    連結:
  21. Yang C.-C., C.-K. Hsiao, M.-M. Yu (2008) Technical efficiency and impact of environmental regulations in farrow-to-finish swine production in Taiwan. Agricultural Economics 39(1): 51-61.
    連結:
  22. Bureau of Animal and Plant Health Inspection Quarantine (BAPHIQ)
    連結:
  23. Livestock Research Institute
    連結:
  24. 余如桐,1997,「臺灣養豬事業的過去、現在和未來」,中國畜牧學會會誌,第26 期增刊,54-58 。
  25. Agricultural Trade Statistics of the Republic of China. Statistical Office, Council of Agriculture, Executive Yuan, Taipei, Taiwan, various issues.
  26. Balk, B. M. (2001). "Scale Efficiency and Productivity Change." Journal of Productivity Analysis 15(3): 159-183.
  27. Coelli, T., Prasada Rao, D.S., Battese, G.E., 1998. An Introduction to Efficiency and Productivity Analysis. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Massachusetts.
  28. Coelli T., D. Rao, C. O’Donnell, G. Battese (2005) An Introduction to Efficiency and Productivity Analysis. Second Edition, Springer, New York.
  29. Khem R. Sharma, PingSun Leung, and Halina M. Zaleski, 1996. “Productive efficiency of the swine industry in Hawaii” College of Tropical Agriculture & Human Resources, University of Hawaii at Manoa.
  30. Laure Latruffe et al, 2010. “Technical efficiency and environmental pressures of pig farms in Hungary” European Association of Agricultural Economists (EAAE), Chania, Crete, 2-4
  31. Larue S., L. Latruffe (2009) Agglomeration Externalities and Technical Efficiency in French Pig Production. Working Paper SMART-LERECO No. 09-10, Rennes, France.
  32. http://www.baphiq.gov.tw/
  33. Council of Agriculture (COA)
  34. http://eng.coa.gov.tw/
  35. Government Information Office ( GIO ), Taiwan ROC , Taiwan Yearbook 2012
  36. http://www.taiwanembassy.org
  37. http://www.tlri.gov.tw