The Training Effectiveness on Farming Ability: The Case Study of training programs of Farmers’ Academy
訓練成效 ； 營農能力 ； 農民學院 ； 營農績效 ； training effectiveness ； professional farming abilities ； professional farming performance
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本研究主要目的在於探討農民學院之訓練課程對於營農能力的提升是否具有成效，並以客觀的訓練成效資訊來探討參訓資格之分類標準是否合宜，進而探討農民學院訓練課程所提升之營農能力是否有助於提升其營農績效。 本研究採用101年度與102年度參與農民學院訓練課程的學員所填寫之訓練績效評核問卷為調查資料，並運用Wilcoxon 符號等級檢定、t-檢定、主成分分析法、多元迴歸分析、兩階段最小平方法等研究方法進行資料分析。 本研究結果顯示，農民學院訓練課程對於參訓學員的營農能力有顯著提升；現行農民學院有關參訓資格的分類標準尚無法明確區分合宜的參訓對象；營農能力的提升中，以「生產、人資與研發能力」的提升對營農績效較有幫助。 本研究建議農民學院訓練課程的參訓資格條件可進一步檢討與調整，或在參訓資格條件下設定各階訓練課程的學員篩選與評分機制；訓練課程內容之規劃係為提升農民之營農能力，且所提升之營農能力應能對其營農績效有所助益；至於訓練成效則應持續追蹤，方能確實瞭解、評估訓練課程對於提升營農能力與營農績效之影響。
The main focus of this study is to investigate the impact of The Farmers' Academy training programs on the improvement of professional farming ability, analysis of whether the participation criteria for these training programs are appropriate standards of differentiation using objective data such as training effectiveness, and exploration of whether the training programs designed to improve farmers' professional abilities truly contribute to the elevation of professional farming performance. This study utilized data from training performance evaluation surveys of The Farmers' Academy trainees from 2012 and 2013. Data analysis was conducted using research methodologies such as Wilcoxon signed-rank test, t-test, principal components analysis, multiple regression analysis, and two stage least squares. Research findings suggest that The Farmers' Academy training programs significantly contribute to improving the professional farming abilities of participating trainees. Nevertheless, current participation criteria standards of differentiation are inadequate for clearly distinguishing suitable trainees. Among all the improved abilities of professional farmers, advances in "production, human resource and research and development abilities" are most beneficial towards elevating professional farming performance. It is recommended that The Farmers' Academy training program participation criteria undergo further evaluation and adjustment, or that trainee selection and evaluation mechanisms should be established according to the participation criteria of each program level. The training programs are designed to improve the professional farming abilities of participating farmers. These improved abilities should therefore contribute toward enhancing farming performance. The effectiveness of training programs should also be continuously monitored in order to clearly understand and evaluate the ways in which programs have contributed toward elevating both professional farming abilities and farming performance.
生物農學 > 生物科學