Title

不同施肥策略下有機和慣行農耕法對土壤品質之研究

Translated Titles

Studies on the soil quality with organic and convention farming systems affected under different fertilization practices

DOI

10.6845/NCHU.2007.00017

Authors

宋宛霖

Key Words

有機農耕法 ; 慣行農耕法 ; 施肥策略 ; 土壤品質指標 ; Organic farming systems ; Convention farming systems ; Soil quality index ; Fertilization practice

PublicationName

中興大學土壤環境科學系所學位論文

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

2007年

Academic Degree Category

碩士

Advisor

陳仁炫

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

如何確保有機質肥料的施用對作物及環境品質的正面效應及減輕負面效應,誠為當務之急。本研究係評估不同施肥策略下之有機和慣行兩種農耕制度對土壤品質指標的影響效應。本研究分為室內培育和田間試驗,其中室內培育旨在偵測禽畜糞堆肥和豆粕在柳營系土壤的氮和磷釋出特性,而田間試驗則設於亞蔬中心之有機農場與慣行農場,分別各採用六種施肥策略,依序為處理Ⅰ(傳統施肥組)、Ⅱ (氮釋出估算組)、Ⅲ (磷釋出估算組)、Ⅳ (高效和諧施肥組)、Ⅴ (平衡式施肥組)及Ⅵ (調配式施肥組),且進行春作甘藍秋作番茄之田間輪作試驗,並採逢機完全區集設計( RCBD ),每處理4 重複,並進行迷你甘藍-櫻桃番茄之輪作。室內培育結果顯示,土壤施用豆粕100天後之氮和磷釋出而保留在土壤的百分率,分別為38 %和64 %,而施用禽畜糞堆肥者之磷釋出而保留在土壤的百分率為61 %,惟其土壤無機態氮含量低於對照組,而無法推估其氮釋出能力。氮損失之原因可能有氨揮失、固定性銨產生、其原因有待後續之探討。不同施肥策略之兩種農耕制度之處理,無論肥料總用量多寡均可增加土壤無機態氮、Olsen-磷、交換性鈣和鎂含量及降低土壤體密度及穿刺阻力,其中以氮釋出組的結果最為明顯。處理Ⅳ (高效和諧施肥組)與處理Ⅵ (調配式施肥組)之處理經兩作後,其土壤重金屬含量以及養分累積程度均較其他處理低,且處理Ⅵ (調配式施肥組)之肥料總用量低於處理Ⅳ (高效和諧施肥組)者。另作物產量以肥料用量較少之處理Ⅳ (高效和諧施肥組)、Ⅴ (平衡式施肥組)及Ⅵ (調配式施肥組)較高。綜合土壤養分有效性及養分累積程度並配合作物產量之結果,顯示處理Ⅳ (高效和諧施肥組)與處理Ⅵ (調配式施肥組)兩種施肥策略相對為較佳之肥培管理方法,不僅可確保作物生產之產量及土壤品質外,且其肥料利用率亦較高。

English Abstract

How to guarantee the positive effect of the addition of organic fertilizer and reduce the negative effect on the gualities of the crop and the environment is the urgent matter. The objectives of this research was to study on the soil qualities affected by the fertilization practices under organic and convention farming systems. Laboratory incubation and field expriments were conduted in this study. Incubation experiment was to determine the nitrogen and phosphorus release characteristic of composeted animal manure and soybean meal in Liuying soil, while the farm experiment was conducted in the organic and convention farm in the Asia vegetable Research and Development Center with mini-cabbage and cherry tomatoes rotation. Six fertilizer treatments, including Ⅰ(traditional estimation), Ⅱ(N releasing estimation), Ⅲ(P releasing estimation), Ⅳ(high efficiency estimation), Ⅴ(balanced estimation), and Ⅵ(nutrient uptake matched estimation) with Randomized complete block design (RCBD) and 4 replicates. Results of laboratory incubation experiment showed that the N and P release rate of soybean meal applied in Liuying soil after 100 days were 38 % and 64 % respectively. The Prelease rate of the composeted animal manure applied in Liuying soil was of the 61 % , whereas soil inorganic N content was lower than that of control reason needs be studies in the furthure. Different treatments under the organic and convention farming system all increased the inorganic N, Olsen-P, exchangeable Ca and Mg contents and reduced the bulk density and penetration resistance of the soil, and the most significant effect was found in the treatment of N releasing estimation. The soil heavy metal content and nutrient accumulation of the treatment IV (high efficiency estimation) and treatment VI (nutrient uptake matched estimation), after two crops, were lower other treatments, and the total fertilizer tapplied in the treatment VI (nutrient uptake matched estimation) was lower than that treatment IV (high efficiency estimation). The treaments of IV (high efficiency estimation), V (balanced estimation) and VI (nutrient uptake matched estimation) used less amount of fertilizers, showed had a higher yeild of crops. Based on the evaluation by soil nutrient availability, the status of nutrient accumulation, and the crops growth, the treatment IV (high efficiency estimation) and VI (nutrient uptake matched estimation) are the better fertilizing practice, not only may guarantee higher in the soil quality the crops production, and have higher efficiency of fertilization.

Topic Category 農業暨自然資源學院 > 土壤環境科學系所
生物農學 > 生物環境與多樣性
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  7. 蕭乃瑜(2017)。增進土壤品質之不同長期肥培管理制度的評估。中興大學土壤環境科學系所學位論文。2017。1-130。