Title

快速道路建設對鄉村地區發展累積性影響評估-以南投縣草屯鎮為例

Translated Titles

Cumulative Impact Assessment of Expressway Construction on Rural Area Development-A Cast Study at Caotun Township in Nanton County

Authors

黃鉅友

Key Words

土地利用變遷 ; 交通建設 ; 都市擴張 ; 細胞自動機 ; SLEUTH細胞自動機模型 ; 草屯鎮 ; Land Use Change, ; Transportation Construction ; Urban Expansion ; Cellular Automata ; SLEUTH Cellular Automata ; Tsautuen Township

PublicationName

中興大學園藝學系所學位論文

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

2012年

Academic Degree Category

碩士

Advisor

吳振發

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

土地利用變遷與模擬,在城鄉土地的規劃過程中,一直是重要且複雜的課題,近年來隨著交通建設的發展加上科技的進步、交通可及性的提高,使台灣目前的生活圈型態慢慢開始產生改變,也帶動地方上發展,造成都市擴張的速度增快,這種現象對環境所造成的衝擊往往是不可預期的;土地利用變遷的研究領域所採用的方法自過去從「自上而下」轉變成現在「自下而上」的探討;細胞自動機理論(Cellular Automata)即是近年來快速發展的一套「自下而上」的模式,由於它能把複雜的土地利用空間的研究系統轉化成一套最簡單的動態模擬方式,因此近年來在土地利用變遷與模擬的研究領域之中已被廣泛的應用。 本研究以細胞自動機(Cellular Automata)理論為基礎,目的在於了解交通建設開發下引起鄉村地區土地利用變遷、變遷對空間結構改變的衝擊、是否導致都市蔓延的情形。以南投縣草屯鎮為研究區域,以SLEUTH細胞自動機模型進行動態模擬,採用1995年、1997年、1998年、1999年、2000年、2003年、2007年及2009年等八年份的SPOT衛星影像圖資,並分為探討三種情境方案,情境一為無任何主要道路開通時土地利用變遷模擬,情境二為中投快速公路與國道三號開通後的土地利用變遷模擬,情境三則是中投快速公路、國道三號與國道六號開通後土地利用變遷模擬,這三個情境方案皆預測至2025年。   研究結果顯示隨著主要道路建設的增多,草屯鎮的土地利用呈現出建成地面積快速增加,農地面積減少的最多,其次是林地;建成地面積將新建於交流道出口附近與都市計畫區周邊的農地,農地面積將於加老里、新庄里、敦和里、中正里、玉峰里、炎峰里、和平里、中山里、新厝里、碧峰里、復興里、碧洲里與上林里等西半部區域逐漸減少,林地將於國道六號周邊區域逐漸減少。對空間結構的影響,則發現快速道路蓋的越多,將導致建成地呈現更聚集分布,主要發生於加老里、新庄里、敦和里、中正里、玉峰里、炎峰里、和平里、中山里、新厝里、碧峰里、復興里、碧洲里與上林里等西半部區域;將導致農地變得更為零碎化;也會造成林地平均面積縮小及更零散的分布。除此之外,由道路兩側建成地增加的數量變化情形,可以發現越多的快速道路建設將導致草屯發生都市蔓延情形。

English Abstract

The land use change and simulation in the process of rural-urban land plan has always been the important and complicated subject. In recent years with the transportation construction and development, the promotion of traffic availability and the improvement of technology, the life circle types of Taiwan has gradually changed and brings forth the local development. It causes the acceleration of urban expansion which is unpredictable for the impact caused to the environment. The method of the study field of land use change used to adopt the probe of “from top down” to “from down up”. Cellular Automata has been a set of “from down up” model with rapid development recently. It can transform the complicated land use space study system into the simplest dynamic simulation, so such method has been adopted widely in the study field of land use change and simulation. The present study uses Cellular Automata theory as the basis to understand the land use change in the rural area under transportation construction and development and whether the impact on the change to the space construction brings forth the situation of the city overspread or not. Taking Tsautuen Township, Nantou Hsien as the research area and SLEUTH Cellular Automata model to proceed to dynamic simulation, the researchers adopt SPOT Satellite Image Map Information during an eight-year period in 1995,1997,1998,1999,2000,2003,2007 and 2009. They are divided into three situations. The first situation is land use change when there is not any main road activated. The second situation is land use change and simulation after CIC Expressway and National Highway No.3 activated. The last situation is the land use change and simulation after CIC Expressway, National Highway No. 3 and No.6 activated. These three situations are all predicted up to the year of 2025. The results of the study indicate that with the increase of the main roads constructed, the land use of Tsautuen Township shows the rapid growth of the acreage of developed area. The acreage of agricultural land decreases most and then the woodlands. Such developed area will be newly- built near the interchange exit and the agricultural lands of urban development area. The acreage of agricultural lands will be decreasing gradually around the western area such as Jialao Li, Shinjuang Li, Dunhe Li, Chungcheng Li, Yufong Li, Yenfong Li, Hoping Li, Chungshan Li, Shintsou Li, Bifong Li, Fushing Li, Bijou Li and Shanglin Li. Then the woodlands will be reduced little by little around the area of National Highway No. 6. As to the influence of spatial construction, the more the expressways are constructed, the more accumulatively spread the developed lands will be. This situation mainly happens in the western area such as Jialoa Li, Shinjuang Li, Dunhe Li, Chungcheng Li, Yufong Li, Yenfong Li, Hoping Li, Chungshan Li, Shintsou Li, Bifong Li, Fushing Li, Bijou Li and Shanglin Li. It will bring about fragmentation of the agricultural lands and it will also make the average acreage of the woodlands lessened and scattered. Furthermore, judging from the change of increasing amount of the developed area at the sides of the roads, people can discover that more expressways constructed will lead to the situation of the urban expansion of Tsautuen Township.

Topic Category 農業暨自然資源學院 > 園藝學系所
生物農學 > 農業
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Times Cited
  1. 蕭戎雯(2013)。不同單元尺度對土地利用及生態系統服務模擬之影響-以大屯溪流域為例。臺灣大學生物環境系統工程學研究所學位論文。2013。1-126。 
  2. 林子平(2015)。土地與氣候變遷情境對流量之影響 -以大屯溪流域為例。臺灣大學生物環境系統工程學研究所學位論文。2015。1-102。