Title

利用電解還原沉積擴散法備製單一bcc結構之Mg-12Li-XAl-Zn合金(X=3、9)及其應用於鎂電池陽極材料的電化學表現之研究

Translated Titles

Preparation bcc Mg-12Li-XAl-Zn Alloy(X=3, 9) by Electrolytic Diffusing Method and Performance of them as Anode Materials for Magnesium Battery

Authors

蔡承洋

Key Words

鎂鋰鋁鋅合金 ; 電解擴散法 ; 鎂電池 ; 陽極材料 ; 鋁鋰合金 ; Mg-Li-Al-Zn alloy ; electrolytic diffusing method ; magnesium battery ; anode material ; Al-Li alloy

PublicationName

中興大學材料科學與工程學系所學位論文

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

2007年

Academic Degree Category

碩士

Advisor

汪俊延

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

本研究利用電解擴散法備製單一bcc結構且不同鋁含量(3wt%Al及9wt%Al)之鎂鋰鋁鋅合金,並經過簡單的退火及軋延過程,得到0.2mm之薄板,並進一步應用於鎂電池的陽極材料。由實驗結果可以得知,LAZ1231及LAZ1291合金較AZ31合金有更好的電化學表現(抗腐蝕能力、開路電位、放電電壓、電容量、陽極效率),而LAZ1291合金的電化學表現又比LAZ1231好,因此鋁含量多寡會影響鎂鋰鋁鋅合金的電位及抗蝕性。經由浸置試驗後的表面分析結果可以知道,LAZ1231及LAZ1291合金的表層皆有厚度均勻的氫氧化鎂腐蝕層,而LAZ1291表層的氫氧化鎂緻密程度大於LAZ1231,且有較多元素態Al顆粒散佈於其上,元素態Al顆粒對於氫氧化鎂的緻密化及穩定化是有幫助的,因此LAZ1291之抗腐蝕性較LAZ1231佳。另外,AlLi相於水溶液中不穩定會轉變為元素態的Al,並於水中放出鋰原子,鋰原子於水中極易氧化而放出電子,因而產生大量氫氣,因此AlLi相為氧化電位很高(負)之相。LAZ1291之開路電位及放電電壓的表現優於LAZ1231,是因為其內部含有大量高(負)電位之AlLi析出相。LAZ1291合金兼具高電位及良好抗蝕性,其組裝成鎂電池後有穩定的運作電壓、及良好的陽極效率,因此為一極具潛力的鎂電池陽極材料。

English Abstract

A body-centered cubic (bcc) Magnesium-Lithium-Aluminum-Zinc alloys of different aluminum content (3wt% and 9wt%) were fabricated by electrolytic diffusing method and via annealing and rolling process, 0.2 mm thick foils were obtained, which are further adopted as anode materials for magnesium battery. The experimental results show that, in electrochemical behaviors (corrosion resistance, open-circuit potential, discharge voltage, capacity of cell, anode efficiency), LAZ1231 and LAZ1291 alloy have better performance than AZ31 alloy, and LAZ1291 has better performance than LAZ1231. Therefore the aluminum content will affect the potential and corrosion resistance of Mg-Li-Al-Zn alloys. In surface analysis after immersion test, Mg(OH)2 passive layer of uniform thickness were observed on the surfaces of both LAZ1231 and LAZ1291 alloys, however the extent of densification of Mg(OH)2 passive layer of LAZ1291 was higher then that of LAZ1231, and it had more elemental Al particles spread over. Elemental Al particles helps densification and stabilization of Mg(OH)2 layer, therefore LAZ1291 has better corrosion resistance than LAZ1231. Moreover, AlLi phase is unstable in aqueous solution and tends to transform into elemental Al and releases Li atoms, which were easily oxidized in aqueous solution and discharge electrons while producing hydrogen gas, therefore AlLi phase has high oxidation potential. The performance of open-circuit potential and discharge voltage of LAZ1291 alloy is better than that of LAZ1231 alloy due to high content of AlLi phase. LAZ1291 alloy has high potential, good corrosion resistance, demonstrates stable working voltage and outstanding anode efficiency when assembled into a magnesium battery, therefore it is a potential anode material for magnesium battery.

Topic Category 工學院 > 材料科學與工程學系所
工程學 > 工程學總論
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Times Cited
  1. 林泓霆(2011)。AZ80+3%Li鎂合金時效處理之研究。臺灣大學材料科學與工程學研究所學位論文。2011。1-79。