Title

添加不同飼糧油脂來源及硒含量對白羅曼種母鵝脂質代謝之影響

Translated Titles

Effects of different dietary fat sources and selenium levels on Lipid Metabolism of White Roman Geese

DOI

10.6845/NCHU.2009.00784

Authors

施愛燕

Key Words

鵝 ; 休產期 ; 產蛋期 ; 魚油 ; 豬油 ; 硒 ; 脂質代謝 ; Geese ; Resting period ; Laying period ; Fish oil ; Lard ; Selenium ; Lipid metabolism

PublicationName

中興大學動物科學系所學位論文

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

2009年

Academic Degree Category

碩士

Advisor

許振忠

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

本研究旨在探討添加不同飼糧油脂來源及硒含量對休產期及產蛋期白羅曼種鵝脂質代謝之影響。本研究分二個試驗進行:試驗一,使用20隻第三產期結束之休產母鵝;試驗二,使用20隻第四產期母鵝,各分配於四個處理組,分別為飼糧中含3.5%豬油與3.5%魚油及添加0 ppm與0.15 ppm硒含量,共計四欄。飼養於密閉式水簾環控鵝舍中,休產期及產蛋期之光照分別為16L:8D和9L:15D,環境溫度介於26~30℃之間,試驗期為4週。試驗期間飼糧與飲水採任飼與任飲。試驗結束時犧牲鵝隻,採取血液、肝臟、腹脂,分析血清及肝臟中之三酸甘油酯、總膽固醇及總脂質含量,血中動情素及助孕素濃度,肝臟脂質合成相關酵素活性及肝臟與腹脂中脂肪酸之組成。試驗一之結果顯示,飼糧中含不同油脂,對於鵝隻最終體重、腹脂絕對重量及腹脂相對重量無顯著影響(P > 0.05),但添加魚油之處理組,肝臟絕對重量及肝臟相對重量較豬油組者為低(P < 0.05)。血清中之總膽固醇、總脂質、動情素之濃度,飼糧中添加魚油之處理組者較低(P < 0.05),而三酸甘油酯、高密度脂蛋白與低密度脂蛋白膽固醇及助孕素之濃度則各組間無顯著差異。肝臟中的總膽固醇含量,在魚油處理組者高於豬油處理組者(P < 0.05)。脂肪酸合成酶(FAS)、NADP-蘋果酸去氫酶(NADP-MDH)及葡萄糖-6-磷酸酶(G-6-P)等在組間均無明顯差異。添加魚油之處理組,其腹脂及肝臟中之多不飽和脂肪酸較豬油組者為高,但肝臟的飽和脂肪酸較豬油處理組者為低(P < 0.05)。硒含量對最終體重、肝臟絕對重量、肝臟相對重量、腹脂絕對重量、腹脂相對重量、血液性狀及肝臟中各脂質成分之濃度均無顯著影響(P > 0.05)。在肝臟之脂肪酸合成酶活性以添加0.15 ppm硒處理組者明顯高於未添加硒之處理組者(P < 0.05)。肝臟之NADP-蘋果酸去氫酶(NADP-MDH)及葡萄糖-6-磷酸酶(G-6-P)等活性在組間均無明顯差異。試驗二之結果顯示,飼糧中含不同油脂,對於鵝隻最終體重、肝臟絕對重量、肝臟相對重量、腹脂絕對重量、腹脂相對重量、血液性狀及肝臟中各脂質成分濃度均無明顯之影響(P > 0.05)。肝臟之葡萄糖-6-磷酸酶(G-6-P)活性以添加豬油處理組者明顯高於魚油處理組者(P < 0.05)。肝臟之脂肪酸合成酶(FAS)及NADP-蘋果酸去氫酶(NADP-MDH)活性在組間無明顯差異。添加魚油處理組,其腹脂及肝臟中之多不飽和脂肪酸較豬油處理組者為高(P < 0.05)。硒含量對最終體重、肝臟絕對重量、肝臟相對重量、腹脂絕對重量、腹脂相對重量、血液性狀、肝臟中各脂質成分濃度及相關酵素活性均無顯著影響(P > 0.05)。在肝臟脂肪酸部分,以添加0.15 ppm硒含量有較高的飽和脂肪酸與多不飽和脂肪酸含量。

English Abstract

This study was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary fat sources and selenium levels on lipid metabolism of White Roman geese by two experiments. In experiment I, 20 White Roman breeding geese with 3th non-laying period were used. In experiment Ⅱ, 20 White Roman breeding geese with 4th laying period were used. Geese of two experiments were randomly divided into 4 treatments and kept in windowless environmental-controlled house with wet pad cooling system. The lighting program was 16L:8D atternating with 9L:15D in both experiments. The room temperature was maintained at 26~30℃ during experimental period. Feed and water were supplied ad libutum for 4-week experiment period. Were fed on two different sources of dietary fat, i.e., 3.5% Fish oil (FO) or 3.5% Lard (LO) and two levels of selenium, i.e, 0 ppm or 0.15 ppm. At the end of the experiment, liver, blood and abdominal fat pad were sampled. The concentrations of triglyceride, total cholesterol and total lipid in the serum and liver, estradiol and progesterone in the serum, hepatic lipogenic related enzyme activities and fatty acid profiles were analysed. The results of experiment Ⅰindicated that the different dietary fat didn’t affect final body weight, abdominal fat and relative abdominal fat weights(P > 0.05). Liver and relative liver weights and the concentrations of total cholesterol, total lipid and estradiol in the plasma in FO group were significant lower (P < 0.05) than those in LO group. However fat source didn’t affect the concentrations of triglyceride, high density lipoprotein and low density lipoprotein cholesterol and progesterone in plasma. The concentration of total cholesterol in the liver significantly higher in FO group than that in LO group (P < 0.05). The activities of hepatic lipogenic related enzymes including fatty acid synthetase (FAS), NADP-malate dehydrogenase (NADP-MDH) and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G-6-PDH) weren’t significantly different among treatments (P > 0.05). Abdominal fat and liver polyunsaturated fatty acids was significantly higher in FO group than those in LO group, but saturated fatty acids was significantly lower than LO (P < 0.05). Diets supplemented with different selenium levels weren’t significantly difference in the final body weight, liver and liver relative weights, abdominal and abdominal relative weights, plasma and liver lipid concentrations among treatments (P > 0.05). In the activities of hepatic lipogenic related enzymes, FAS was significantly higher in selenium group than those in without selenium group (P < 0.05); NADP-MDH and G-6-PDH weren’t significantly difference among treatments (P > 0.05). The results of experiment Ⅱ indicated that the different sources of dietary fat didn’t affect final body weight, liver and liver relative weights, abdominal and abdominal relative weights, plasma and liver lipid concentrations(P > 0.05). The activities of hepatic lipogenic related enzymes including FAS and NADP-MDH weren’t significantly different among treatments (P > 0.05). The LO group had significantly higher G-6-PDH activity than FO group (P < 0.05). In Fatty acid profiles, abdominal fat and liver polyunsaturated fatty acids were significantly higher in FO group than those in LO group (P < 0.05). Diets supplemented with different selenium levels weren’t significantly difference in the final body weight, liver and liver relative weights, abdominal and abdominal relative weights. hepatic lipogenic related enzyme, plasma and liver lipid concentration among treatments (P > 0.05). In the liver fatty acid profiles, birds fed selenium supplemented group had significantly higher saturated fatty acids and polyunsaturated fatty acids than those fed without selenium supplemented group (P < 0.05).

Topic Category 農業暨自然資源學院 > 動物科學系所
生物農學 > 動物學
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Times Cited
  1. 蔡旻珊(2011)。飼糧中添加海藻糖對白肉雞生長性能及肉質之影響。中興大學動物科學系所學位論文。2011。1-88。