The Research on the Participation Motivation, Organizational Commitment, and Job Satisfaction of Soil and Water Conservation Volunteers
志願服務 ； 問卷調查 ； 相關分析 ； Voluntary service ； Questionnaire survey ； Correlation analysis
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水土保持局於1989年設立第一處水土保持戶外教室，以作為水土保持知識推廣宣導之場所，更於1991年開始招募水土保持義工，協助教育宣導等工作，為因應2001年頒布施行之志願服務法，水土保持義工陸續培訓轉型為志工。因此，本研究遂以水土保持志工為研究對象，以問卷調查方式，了解志工在志願服務工作上的困難與需求，並探討其參與服務之動機與對於組織之感受，以及工作上的滿意程度，以利後續志工培訓及運用時作為參考依據。 研究過程利用IBM SPSS Statistics 21統計軟體分析問卷資料，分析結果得知目前水土保持志工之個人背景同質性高，並對於工作上遭遇的困難不高，但專業成長培訓方面有高度的需求；志工參與水土保持志願服務主要動機為服務他人與自我成長，對於組織的承諾感受與工作的滿意度皆達同意/滿意程度；此外，志工個人平均月收入較低與年資較高者，在參與動機、組織承諾及工作滿意度上均達到統計上的顯著差異；以皮爾遜積差相關係數分析參與動機與組織承諾的相關性，其結果達到0.749，參與動機與工作滿意度的相關性達到0.734，組織承諾與工作滿意度的相關性達到0.776，三者間皆呈高度顯著正相關。
To improve the understanding of knowledge of soil and water conservation, the Soil and Water Conservation Bureau established the first outdoor classroom as a site for promotion and propaganda in 1989. The volunteers were recruited to help the educational propaganda in 1991. The training programs were then held to make the transformation of volunteers because of the Volunteer Service Act promulgated in 2001. Therefore, the study selected the soil and water conservation volunteers as the research object. The objective of this study was to understand the difficulties and needs of soil and water conservation volunteers during the services. The participation motivation, organizational commitment and job satisfaction was investigated by the questionnaire survey. The results were expected to be used as a basis for volunteer training and management. The data of questionnaire were analyzed by IBM SPSS Statistics 21. The results showed that the backgrounds of soil and water conservation volunteers were in high homogeneity. There were not many difficulties encountered during the services. However, the demands in professional training programs were high. The main participated motivations were serving others and self-achievement. The organizational commitment and job satisfaction were shown to be satisfied. However, the volunteers with low monthly income and high seniority showed significant differences in the participated motivation, organizational commitment and job satisfaction. The Pearson product-moment correlation was used to estimate the correlation. The correlation coefficient between the participated motivation and organizational commitment was 0.749. The correlation coefficient between the participation motivation and job satisfaction was 0.734. The correlation coefficient between the organizational commitment and job satisfaction was 0.776. The participated motivation, organizational commitment and job satisfaction were high-positive correlated.
生物農學 > 生物環境與多樣性