Title

利用遺傳演算法優化綠建材外殼碳排放之研究

Translated Titles

Optimizing envelop carbon emission through the selection of green building materials by genetic algorithms

DOI

10.6845/NCHU.2014.01440

Authors

李昱蓁

Key Words

綠建築 ; 遺傳演算法 ; 建材 CO2 排放 ; 建築節能 ; Green building ; genetic algorithms ; carbon emission ; energy conservation

PublicationName

中興大學環境工程學系所學位論文

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

2014年

Academic Degree Category

碩士

Advisor

林明德

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

因人類過度開發,導致大氣中之溫室氣體含量增加,地球環境日益惡化,已然成為國際間重視之議題。現今大樓林立,建築物之 CO2 排放如何降低,成為各國建築產業積極發展的重要設計理念。我國的綠建築評估系統中,日常節能指標為必頇考量之指標,而日常節能指標包括建築外殼、空調和照明節能這三項,因建築外殼的設計會直接影響日後空調與照明耗能情形,故建築外殼節能指標為優先考量之評估項目。但目前台灣在設計及營建過程中各類建材的搭配選擇,如何滿足遮陽、隔熱、採光、通風及環境耗能量(LCA)等,往往由建築師之經驗所擬定,缺乏一套有系統的評估方式。因此,本研究以辦公大樓為研究對象,希望藉由演算法的優選能力,求取符合外殼節能指標之建築設計成本最小化及外殼建材最低 CO2 排放量,以嘉義某辦公大樓為例,進行研究,供設計者參考也利於綠建築的推動。研究結果顯示,遺傳演算法可成功應用在求解建築外殼及建材 CO2排放量的優選問題;此外,優選結果發現當外殼建材 CO2 排放量要求減量時,所需花費之建造成本將會提升。

English Abstract

As a result of mankind’s development kinds of burden have already exceeded assimilative capacity of our environment. Has become an international issue especially global warming and carbon dioxide emission. The green building certification system of Taiwan sets the regulation index for the daily energy saving target as the passing standard ,this target includes envelope air conditioning and lighting energy. Due to the fact that the exterior design of the building envelop directly affects the air conditioning and lighting energy consumption, the Technical Code for Energy Conservation Design of Buildings is considered to be the first priority concern of assessment. The current energy control design of building is affected by a number of factors. Thus, the main purpose of this study is to formulate a decision model by genetic algorithms to find the least cost versus the least carbon emission design of the building envelop which meet the requirements of daily energy conservation index. A case study of an office building is investigated to illustrate the feasibility of the model. The results indicate that genetic algorithms can successfully solve the building envelop and carbon emission optimal design problems. The optimization results also show that the costs will increase when the carbon emission of building envelop materials is reduced.

Topic Category 工學院 > 環境工程學系所
工程學 > 土木與建築工程
Reference
  1. 干孟申,整合能耗模擬於新建綠醫院節能設計評估,臺灣大學土木工程學
    連結:
  2. 古軒銘,利用遺傳演算法優化綠建築日常節能設計之研究,中興大學環境
    連結:
  3. 何友鋒、林子帄,住宿建築節能設計決策模式之研究,2003。
    連結:
  4. 吳明助,推動綠建築證書與標章提升策略之探討,中央大學土木工程學系
    連結:
  5. 吳明助,推動綠建築證書與標章提升策略之探討; Promoting Green Building Certification and Mark the Strategy of Upgrading,2008。
    連結:
  6. 呂旻倫,利用遺傳演算法優化綠建築外殼節能設計之研究,中興大學環境
    連結:
  7. 林宏,應用 Energyplus 建築全能耗分析軟體探討建築節能效益-以辦公大樓為例,2013。
    連結:
  8. 林憲德、張又升,台灣建材生產耗能與二氧化碳排放之解析, 建築學報:
    連結:
  9. 張又升,建築物生命週期二氧化碳減量評估,成功大學建築學系學位論文:1-145,2002
    連結:
  10. 黃國倉,辦公建築生命週期節能與二氧化碳減量評估之研究,成功大學建
    連結:
  11. 楊開翔,高耗能辦公大樓耗能因子解析之研究,成功大學建築學系學位論
    連結:
  12. 趙又嬋,百貨公司室內裝修生命週期二氧化碳排放量評估,成功大學建築
    連結:
  13. 歐文生、林憲德,住宅及辦公建築內裝修二氧化碳減量評估, 建築學報:
    連結:
  14. 歐文生、郭柏巖,台灣建築物生命週期水電管線二氧化碳排放量之研究,
    連結:
  15. 鄭巧欣,建築物軀體工程碳排構成分析-以南部地區住宅、學校、辦公建築為例,成功大學建築學系學位論文,2013
    連結:
  16. 鄭維祐,綠屋頂生命週期與節能效益評估,交通大學環境工程系所學位論
    連結:
  17. Al-Homoud, M.S. (2001) Computer-Aided Building Energy Analysis Techniques.Building and Environment 36: 421-433.
    連結:
  18. Bichiou, Y., and Krarti, M. (2011) Optimization of Envelope and Hvac Systems Selection for Residential Buildings. Energy and Buildings 43:3373-3382.
    連結:
  19. Buchanan, A.H., and Levine, S.B. (1999) Wood-Based Building Materials and Atmospheric Carbon Emissions. Environmental Science & Policy 2: 427-437.
    連結:
  20. Medaglia, A.L. (2009) Optimization Model for the Selection of Materials Using a Leed-Based Green Building
    連結:
  21. Chan, K., and Chow, W. (1998) Energy Impact of Commercial-Building Envelopes in the Sub-Tropical Climate. Applied Energy 60: 21-39.
    連結:
  22. Chau, C., Hui, W., Ng, W., and Powell, G. (2012) Assessment of CO2 Emissions Reduction in High-Rise Concrete Office Buildings Using Different Material
    連結:
  23. Chantrelle, F.P., Lahmidi, H., Keilholz, W., Mankibi, M.E., and Michel, P.(2011) Development of a Multicriteria Tool for Optimizing the Renovation of Buildings. Applied Energy 88: 1386-1394.
    連結:
  24. Cole, R.J., and Kernan, P.C. (1996) Life-Cycle Energy Use in Office Buildings.Building and Environment 31: 307-317.
    連結:
  25. Escriva-Escriva, G. (2011) Basic Actions to Improve Energy Efficiency in Commercial Buildings in Operation. Energy and Buildings 43:3106-3111.
    連結:
  26. Gonzalez, M.J., and Garci Navarro, J. (2006) Assessment of the Decrease of CO2a emissions in the Construction Field through the Selection of Materials:Practical Case Study of Three Houses of Low Environmental Impact. Buildingand Environment 41: 902-909.
    連結:
  27. Gustavsson, L., and Sathre, R. (2006) Variability in Energy and Carbon Dioxide Balances of Wood and Concrete Building Materials. Building and
    連結:
  28. Environment 41: 940-951.
    連結:
  29. Knudstrup, M.-A., Ring Hansen, H.T., and Brunsgaard, C. (2009) Approaches to the Design of Sustainable Housing with Low CO2 Emission in Denmark. Renewable Energy 34: 2007-2015.
    連結:
  30. Kofoworola, O.F., and Gheewala, S.H. (2009) Life Cycle Energy Assessment of a Typical Office Building in Thailand. Energy and Buildings 41: 1076-1083.
    連結:
  31. Li, J. (2008) Towards a Low-Carbon Future in China's Building Sector—a Review of Energy and Climate Models Forecast. Energy Policy 36:1736-1747.
    連結:
  32. Mahlia, T., and Iqbal, A. (2010) Cost Benefits Analysis and Emission Reductions of Optimum Thickness and Air Gaps for Selected Insulation Materials for Building Walls in Maldives. Energy 35: 2242-2250.
    連結:
  33. Ozel, M. (2011) Thermal Performance and Optimum Insulation Thickness of Building Walls with Different Structure Materials. Applied Thermal
    連結:
  34. Pan, Y., Yin, R., and Huang, Z. (2008) Energy Modeling of Two Office Buildings with Data Center for Green Building Design. Energy and Buildings 40: 1145-1152.
    連結:
  35. Pettersen, T.D. (1994) Variation of Energy Consumption in Dwellings Due to Climate, Building and Inhabitants. Energy and Buildings 21: 209-218.
    連結:
  36. Radhi, H. (2009a) Evaluating the Potential Impact of Global Warming on the Uae Residential Buildings–a Contribution to Reduce the CO2 Emissions. Building and Environment 44: 2451-2462.
    連結:
  37. Radhi, H. (2009b) Can Envelope Codes Reduce Electricity and CO2 Emissions in Different Types of Buildings in the Hot Climate of Bahrain Energy 34:205-215.
    連結:
  38. Suzuki, M., and Oka, T. (1998) Estimation of Life Cycle Energy Consumption and CO2 Emission of Office Buildings in Japan. Energy and Buildings 28: 33-41.
    連結:
  39. Wang, W., Rivard, H., and Zmeureanu, R. (2005) An Object-Oriented Framework for Simulation-Based Green Building Design Optimization with Genetic Algorithms. Advanced Engineering Informatics 19: 5-23.
    連結:
  40. Wu, H.J., Yuan, Z.W., Zhang, L., and Bi, J. (2012) Life Cycle Energy Consumption and CO2 Emission of an Office Building in China. The international journal of life cycle assessment 17: 105-118.
    連結:
  41. Yan, H., Shen, Q., Fan, L.C., Wang, Y., and Zhang, L. (2010) Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Building Construction: A Case Study of One Peking in Hong Kong. Building and Environment 45: 949-955.
    連結:
  42. Znouda, E., Ghrab-Morcos, N., and Hadj-Alouane, A. (2007) Optimization of Mediterranean Building Design Using Genetic Algorithms. Energy and Buildings 39: 148-153.
    連結:
  43. 中文文獻
  44. 內政部建築研究所,綠建築解說與評估手冊,2012
  45. 內政部營建署,辦公廳類建築物節約能源設計技術規範,2011
  46. 研究所學位論文: 1-81,2014。
  47. 王宗德,模糊多目標運輸規劃在住宿類建築節能模式之建立,2006。
  48. 工程學系所學位論文: 1-96,2012。
  49. 碩士在職專班學位論文: 1-201,2008。
  50. 工程學系所學位論文: 1-108,2011。
  51. 林憲德, 我愛綠建築 : 健康又環保的生活空間新主張 : THIRD NATURE PUBLISHING CO,2004。
  52. 1-15,2002。
  53. 范學維,台中市醫院建築外殼耗能量設計因子之研究,2004
  54. 彭文正,以生命週期評估技術應用於建築耗能之研究,2003
  55. 辜建彰,住宿類建築節能設計多目標規劃模式之研究,2010
  56. 築學系學位論文: 1-104,2006。
  57. 文: 1-78,2009
  58. 學系學位論文: 1-89,2004
  59. 77-88,2004
  60. 2007
  61. 文: 1-101,2012
  62. 蕭江碧,建築裝修材料 CO2 排放量現況調查之研究,內政部建築研究所委託研究報告,2003
  63. 蘇振賢,中部地區建築公會會員代表對課徵碳稅發展綠建築認知與認同及
  64. 意願之研究,2012
  65. 英文文獻
  66. Castro-Lacouture, D., Sefair, J.A., Florez, L., and
  67. Rating System in Colombia. Building and Environment 44: 1162-1170.
  68. Use Options. Resources, Conservation and Recycling 61: 22-34.
  69. Engineering 31: 3854-3863.
Times Cited
  1. 李秋靚(2015)。既有校園建築生命週期更新階段之碳排放評估。中興大學景觀與遊憩碩士學位學程學位論文。2015。1-89。 
  2. 張雅瑋(2017)。辦公廳類綠建築碳排放與成本最佳化之研究。中興大學景觀與遊憩碩士學位學程學位論文。2017。1-96。
  3. 呂紹妤(2017)。住宅類綠建築成本及碳排放最佳化評估。中興大學景觀與遊憩碩士學位學程學位論文。2017。1-54。