The Management of Community Activities and Development of Living Culture In Old Community-The case of Sha Tan、Wang Cheng Xi、Hai Tou Community in Anping District,Tainan City
安平 ； 社區活動 ； 生活文化 ； 文化資產 ； 區域發展 ； Anping ； Community Activity ； Living Culture ； Cultural Heritage ； Regional Development
|Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication||
|Academic Degree Category||
社區活動經營與老舊社區的生活文化發展 ─以台南市安平區沙灘、王城西、海頭社區為例 研 究 生：林文宇 指導教授：陳世明 中華民國一○四年七月 [論文摘要] 台南是個擁有豐厚歷史文化資產的城市，在2010縣市合併後，「文化首都營造」一直是都市發展核心議題。但發展重點多為文化資產的活化、觀光區硬體設施的建置與活動舉辦。但卻也偏重觀光發展而影響了在地居民的生活行為。 本研究透過探討社區活動的持續性來分析，位於歷史區域之老舊社區生活文化發展的可能性，進一步提出由社區活動形成居民自主的社區共同生活行為，並期待形成社區生活文化的可能性。另外，分析活動使用之空間與歷史區域文化資產之關係來探討舊聚落歷史區域與社區活動之關係。 本研究是以舊安平區之各社區歷年參與公部門補助計畫之計畫書與實際參與社區活動和訪談來做為研究材料，進一步分析社區活動的持續性與空間的支持，探討社區組織舉辦活動與生活文化發展的關係。所得的研究成果如下： 1.社區活動的持續性：活動的持續性與社區組織發展目標與關心的議題有關。透過公部門補助計畫與外資資源協助以及社區組織持續舉辦活動，讓活動穩定成長。並透過活動屬性的轉變，探討社區活動轉變成社區共同生活，期待社區生活文化的形成。 2.生活化活動的形成：社區活動的發展中，可發現生活化活動的形成。生活化活動是非社區組織主導的活動，而是由志工與居民自行主導活動舉辦方式與流程，並於固定時間舉辦。而生活化活動的穩定運作，依然需要社區組織和空間的持續支持。 3.活動舉辦之空間場域：社區活動使用之空間會以社區活動中心和活動中心周邊公共設施空間為主，以支持社區活動的舉辦。 4.居民參與與舊聚落歷史區域之關係：位於舊聚落歷史區域之老舊社區，除了會舉辦文化資產導覽推廣等教育性質的活動與租借古蹟與歷史建築之空間再利用外，亦會以關懷古蹟與歷史建築中原居住者之生活所需以及協助與改善生活環境，並會邀請原居住者來述說社區歷史並記錄與傳承下去以及透過長者之經驗分享，將社區歷史文化融合於現今生活之中。 5.由下而上之區域發展：與當今公部門政策發展之由上而下之區域發展方式不同。是因社區組織成長帶動居民成長以及社區環境受觀光之影響，使得居民自行組成社區工班且提出對公共空間環境議題之改善看法，並與公部門或施工單位進行討論溝通與提出社區空間環境改善計畫之由下而上區域發展方式。 【關鍵字】：安平、社區活動、生活文化、文化資產、區域發展
The Management of Community Activities and Development of Living Culture In Old Community --The case of Sha Tan、Wang Cheng Xi、Hai Tou Community in Anping District,Tainan City By Lin Wen-Yu Thesis Adviser: Associate Professor Chen Shih-Ming Department of Architecture, National Cheng Kung University, Taiwan(R.O.C) July 2015 [SUMMARY] (1)The intention and domain of research There is plenty of cultural heritages, historical sites and historical buildings in the historical preservation area of Anping District, Tainan city. Due to the effect of tour policy, residents who live in the vicinity of the historical preservation area are frequently affected by foreign tourists. (2)Instructions The study aims to explore the coherence of living culture within ancient community surrounding preservation area through the activities hold by community organizations. Additionally, by the way of sustained activities, diverse activities, funding, assistance, and space which external organizations provide for, it could be expected to be observed the relationship between the community and cultural heritage , the continuation of living culture and the promotion which meets the need of district generally. (3)Effect i. Based on the living fields with the local consciousness of land owners, explore the relationship between historical preservation area and community. ii. Based on the participation of planned activities in community, explore the sustainability and renewal in living culture. iii. Based on the management of community activities, empower the community and its development. (4)Conclusions In terms of the development of locally living culture in ancient community, it seems that the opportunity of conversing community activities into living culture would be contrived by the funding stemming from authority concerned and assistance form external organizations with the successive activities and space which are offered by community organizations. Key words: Anping , Community Activity , Living Culture , Cultural Heritage , Regional Development . [INTRODUCTION] The research explores the possibility of the continuation of living culture in the ancient community near the historical preservation district through the analyzation of sustainable activities in the community. Furthermore, it aims to contrive the procedure of developing sustainability and renewal of local culture as well as regeneration of contemporary living culture. Additionally, it would explore the regional development through the analyzation of the coherence between the usage of community space and cultural heritages in the historical preservation area. (1)Problem consciousness Tainan city is an urban region with abundantly cultural heritages. Therefore, “the development of cultural Capital” is the core of urban development after the merge of Tainan city and county in 2010. It includes the activation of cultural heritage, the constructions of facilities, and organized activities. However, the life of residents are influenced by tourist activities. (2)Related literature In the view of Maintenance and Recycling of Historical Preservation Area in UNESCO, this study explores the five issues and types of community activities: i. The involvement of multi-level groups. ii. The diversity regeneration derive from new functions and the intervention of new functions and activities. iii. The preservation of population and the field of cultural heritage. iv. The relationship between living culture and community development. v. The different characteristics in different community organizations in region, government subsidy (public grants program), and the assistance from external organizations. (3)Materials used and method The study includes the proposals of public grants programs as well as the involvement and interview of community activities in order to analyze the continuation of activities and those spatial context in communities. Therefore, it might reason whether or not the activities held by community organizations may impact the continuation of life culture. (4)Main results of the research Exploring the development of living culture in ancient community need subsidy from government, and assistance from external organizations. With long- term activities and space support, it might convert community activities into living culture. On the other hand, the relationship of historical preservation area and community may anchor with the strong consciousness of living environment and reuse of cultural heritage. In short, the management of community activities would enhance the vitality of the community and regional development and development life of activity, chance regional development the way. [MATERIALS AND METHODS] The materials of this study include the proposals of public grants programs as well as the involvement and interview of community activities in order to analyze the continuation of activities and those spatial context in communities. Therefore, it might reason whether or not the activities held by community organizations may impact the continuation of life culture. [RESULTS AND DISCUSSION] i. The development of living culture in ancient community is benefited by sustained activities, government subsidy and assistance from external organizations. It may convert the activities into living culture in community. ii. The relationship between the ancient communities and cultural heritages, in addition to re-use of cultural heritage space, the education oriented tour as well as the care and assistance for original residents are important as well. iii. Community vitality and regional development ought to be promoted by community organizations which assist the residences to meet the consensus and then propose an improvement based on the viewpoint of living and regional circumstance. [CONCLUSION] In general, the conversion from community activities into public life then living culture was sustained by successive activities conducted by community organization and the necessity of space. Therefore, it may contrive an opportunity to explore the continuation and regeneration of traditional culture or the formation of contemporary living culture. As for the precondition of conducting activities by community organizations, it would consist of the following issues: (i) the stability and sustainability of main activities, (ii) government grants program, (iii) assistance from external organizations. Additionally, the necessity of space plays the main role to support activities. The space could be formed by (a) Community Center which organizations could utilize directly, (ii) the specific space furnished by organizations, (iii) the activation of cultural heritages reused for activities.
工程學 > 土木與建築工程