A study of the integral conservation as the practical concepts of listing cultural heritage: the cases of the listed settlements in Taiwan
聚落 ； 建築群 ； 文化資產保存法 ； 整體保存 ； settlement ； buildings ； Cultural Heritage Preservation Act ； integral conservation
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受世界文化遺產公約和其他相關的保存憲章或決議內文影響，對建築群的概念不應只是物質型態的建築物本體，需包涵整體的概念以及重視環境與場所周圍的價值。臺灣自2005年的文化資產保存法的修正案後，聚落被重新定義為一個獨立的文化資產類別。雖然文資法自1982年立法已歷經多次修訂，仍可依循並比對出聚落型態和保存系統的改變歷程。 根據定義和基本概念，聚落資產包含了建築群、土地，以及空間內其他關係密切的元素。這些是建築群之外的元素，應該在保存制度和實施的同時被共同納入考量。目前聚落內的環境條件與價值，已明確成為文化資產登錄的基準項目。此外，環境認定的方式和形成的狀況也被視為其中一項表達整體價值的重要元素。 論文研究中的三個案例以林田山，五溝水，鹿陶洋聚落為主，選擇的理由因為個案皆在2005文資法修定後登錄為文化資產，後續也都進行保存維護計畫。論文的主旨在於共同檢視三座聚落的發展歷程、環境特色與文化歷史價值，以及文化資產保存體制、保存推動與維護計劃上的實行成果。最後試以整體價值作為文化資產保存的前提，成為聚落資產的登錄和保存過程中重要的內容及需被論述的議題。
Under the World Heritage Convention, and other related conservation Charters or resolutions, the concept of the buildings is not only the physical buildings, but also the integral ideas and the values of the environment and the places surrounded. In Taiwan, since the amendment of the Cultural Heritage Preservation Act in 2005, the settlements had been defined as an independent category of the cultural heritage. Although the Act had been amended many times since it’s firstly adoption in 1982, the changes of status and the preservation systems of the settlements still can be traced. In this study, the settlements cases discussed all were listed after the amendment of the Act in 2005, and the results due to the amendment could be analyzed and argued fairly. Based on the definition and basic concept, the settlement heritages would consist of the buildings, lands and other close related elements in the space. The elements beyond the buildings altogether should be considered in the system and implementation of preservation. Currently, the environment condition and value within the settlement had been one of the criteria of the registering of the cultural heritage. Besides, the recognized form and the situation forming the environment had been also considered as one of the important elements expressed the integral value. In this research, 3 cases, 林田山, 五溝水, 鹿陶洋, were chosen due to these cases were registered after the amendment in 2005, and further conservation projects were also carried out. The development history, environment features, and the historical value of each 3 cases were recorded, and the preservation systems, projects and results were also analyzed. Finally, with the hypothesis of the integral value within the preservation of the cultural heritage, the important contents and within the process of the registering and conservation of the settlement heritages would be also argued.
工程學 > 土木與建築工程