Title

模擬2018年中國都會區擇偶機會之研究:以北京、上海、廣州、深圳為樣本

Translated Titles

A Simulation of 2018 Mating Opportunities on Urban Area in China by Using Samples of Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Shenzhen

DOI

10.6344/THE.NTUE.SRD.025.2019.F04

Authors

廖婕婷

Key Words

年齡偏好 ; 相配區 ; 擇偶機會 ; 性別差異 ; 被接受度 ; Age preference ; suitable model ; mate selection ; gender differences ; accepted degree

PublicationName

國立臺北教育大學社會與區域發展學系學位論文

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

2019年

Academic Degree Category

碩士

Advisor

張榮富

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

本文分為兩個研究重點,研究一是由2018年大陸婚友網站中分析大陸都會區不同年齡的未婚男女擇偶年齡偏好之上下限。研究結果顯示:(1)男性明顯較女性偏好比自己年輕更多的異性。(2)男女性上下門檻皆隨年齡的增長而調降,但男性調降的幅度較女性大許多。(3)年紀越大的男性越偏好比自己年齡小更多的女性;越年輕的男性越能接受比自己年齡大的女性。男性約在27歲以後,年齡上門檻由正值轉為負值,表示男性自27歲開始不能接受比自己年紀大的女性。(4)無論是年輕或年長的女性,都能接受比自己年齡小的男性,且隨著自身年齡的增長,更能接受比自己年齡小更多的男性。 本研究二是以研究一的年齡偏好作為模擬人士的年齡上下限,採用相配區模式(張榮富,2007)進行擇偶配對,比較男女性擇偶時其年齡被異性接受程度,進而討論異性年齡偏好對擇偶機會的影響及其性別差異。研究結果顯示:在女性25歲與男性28歲的最高峰之前,其年齡被接受度皆維持高被接受度,爾後年齡被接受度都呈現下降趨勢。26歲之前女性被異性接受的程度大於同齡男性,而27至41歲的男性在擇偶中則比同齡女性更具年齡優勢,但是在37至41歲時的年長女性在擇偶中反而比同齡男性稍具年齡優勢。 另外,為了探討如何增加自己的擇偶機會所做的其他模擬結果顯示:男性與女性模擬人士自身與異性年齡偏好上限同時放寬三歲,對男女性擇偶機會的增加皆有所幫助。另一方面,自身與異性年齡偏好上限之放寬亦延緩了男女性被接受度之臨界年齡,然而縱使臨界年齡延遲到來,大齡未婚男女仍處於極為不利之擇偶劣勢。

English Abstract

This paper is divided into two research parts. Research one analyzes the limits of mate selection preference by different ages from China 2018 matching website. The result shows that: (1)The men significantly prefer the much younger women than themselves. (2)The age groups’thresholds for man and women all decline with the age increasing, and the men decline much bigger than the women. (3)The older male prefer the younger female more. The younger male can accept the older female than themselves more. When the men are around 27 years old, the age threshold is from positive to negative. It means that the men begin not to accept the women older than themselves. (4)Whether the young or old women are acceptable for the men younger than themselves. They can accept the much younger male with their increasing age. The research two is to set the age preference for some people from research one, using suitable model( Jung-Fu Chang, 2007 )to mate and this is simulation one. The result of simulation one shows that the age accepted degree of the women before 25 years old and the men before 28 years old maintains a high degree of acceptance; then, the age accepted degree all displays the downward trend afterward. The age accepted degree of the young women under 26-years-old is more than the men with the same age. The middle-aged men between 27 to 41 years old have the better mate advantage than the women with the same age, but the older women between 37 to 41 years old have the better mate advantage than the men with the same age. In addition, the simulation result that discusses how to add the opportunity of mate selection shows: If you relax the ceiling limit of your and heterosexual age preference by three years old, the opportunities of spouse selection have increased dramatically. On the other hand, the relaxation of the ceiling limit of self and heterosexual age preference also delays the critical age of male and female acceptance. However, even if the critical age is delayed, older unmarried men and women are still at a disadvantage.

Topic Category 教育學院 > 社會與區域發展學系
社會科學 > 社會學
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