Title

2017年屏東縣辦理土石流防災演練之檢討

Translated Titles

The Review of Promoting 2017 Debris Flow Disaster Prevention Exercise in Pingtong County

Authors

陳淑慈(Shu-Tzu Chen);許美雪(Mei-Hsueh Hsu);陳昆武(Kun-Wu Cheng);孫宗佐(Chung-Zuo Sun);許中立(Chung-Li Hsu)

Key Words

土石流 ; 防災演練 ; 社區自主防災 ; Debris flow ; Prevention exercise ; Disaster prevention for community

PublicationName

坡地防災學報

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

16卷2期(2017 / 12 / 01)

Page #

11 - 28

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

睽違了14年本年度屏東縣大型防救災演練又於春日鄉力里村舉辦,本次演練主題雖為土石流但仍結合了風災、核災、跨區增援救災、預防性疏散與避難撤離、堰塞湖警戒、收容安置、禽流感疫情管控等課題,較之前辦理屏東縣第一次大型土石流防救災演練不可同日而語。此次的演練在各單位積極配合、全立動員支持下順利圓滿的完成,獲得與會來賓與參觀單位的肯定。由此次演習過程發現近年來推動的強化基層自主防災能力工作已有初步的雛型,但礙於支助經費與基層輔導人力及能力的限制,還無法有效的發揮與落實。又近年隨著國軍戰術的調整、兵力精減、役期的縮短,未來恐造成救災支援人力因持續的人事精簡而有可能會干擾正常部隊的演訓與戰備任務,因此建議可以用等同服役的救災專門人力與訓練機制代替,同時可消化過多的兵源並強調公平性與公益性。收容安置一直是防災演練的重點,建議應可能讓政府的能力用在提供緊急與基本的需求上,盡可能整合與媒合民間救難團體及慈善機構,強化民間參與重大災害的救助與後期之長期安置處置能力。

English Abstract

Pingtung County large-scale disaster prevention exercise relief again in this year at the Lili Village of Kasugagu Township after 14 years. Although the theme of this exercise is "debris flow" but still combined with the storm, nuclear disaster, intermediation and relief, preventive evacuation and take refuge evacuation, landslide lake alert, resettlement, avian flu epidemic control and other issue. Of course compared to the Pingtung County first large-scale debris flow disaster prevention exercises is quite different. The prevention exercise was smooth and successful completion depending on various organs actively cooperate and fully mobilization to support, thus accessed praise from the guests and visitors. By the exercise process can found promoting to strength the community self-disaster prevention works of bass level has been the initial prototype in recently, but limited by the support and the counseling manpower and capacity constraints, so it cannot play and implement effectively. Recently with the army tactical adjustment, reduced troops, shorten the service period, fear of disaster relief support manpower due to continuous personnel streamlining and may interfere with the normal forces of the training and combat readinessi n the future. Therefore, it is suggested that the equivalent manpower and training mechanism can be replaced by the equivalent service, and the sources of excess and the public welfare can be emphasized. Accommodation arrangements have always been the focus of disaster prevention exercises, the proposal should allow the government's ability to use in the provision of emergency and basic needs, as far as possible integration and media associations and charitable organizations, strengthen private participation in major disaster relief and late long-term resettlement disposal capacity.

Topic Category 人文學 > 地理及區域研究