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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 103 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 內政部(2006)。中華民國92年少年身心狀況調查報告。台北市:內政部統計處。
    2. 江宜珍、吳肖琪、李蘭(2005)。台灣北部國小四年級學童曾經發生自殺意念之相關因素研究。臺灣公共衛生雜誌,24(6),471-482。
    3. 吳齊殷、李文傑(2003)。青少年憂鬱症狀與偏差行為併發之關係機制。台灣社會學,6,119-175。
    4. 吳麗娟、陳淑芬(2006)。國中生獨處能力與主觀生活壓力、身心健康之關係研究。教育心理學報,38(2),85-104。
    5. 張高賓(2006)。兒童青少年憂鬱疾患內涵之介紹。輔導季刊,42(4),45-46。
    Times Cited (9) 〈TOP〉
    1. 林碧芳(2011)。家庭文化資本與個人學習動機對青少年學習成就影響之貫時研究。政治大學教育研究所學位論文。2011。1-158。
    2. 楊景程(2011)。國中學生樂觀的測量與擴展──建構假設之驗證。樹德科技大學兒童與家庭服務系碩士班學位論文。2011。1-87。
    3. 周俐利(2012)。家庭支持和朋友支持之改變對青少年憂鬱與偏差行為之影響。臺灣師範大學社會工作學研究所學位論文。2012。1-103。
    4. 徐美雯(2013)。華人文化教養信念、教養行為對青少年憂鬱及偏差行為之影響。臺北大學社會工作學系學位論文。2013。1-86。
    5. 黃郁清(2014)。早期社經地位、出生體重與青少年憂鬱軌跡。臺灣大學健康政策與管理研究所學位論文。2014。1-159。
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