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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 93 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王增勇(2004)。透視專家權力:以台北市居家服務為場域的行動研究。應用心理研究,23,51-77。
  2. 官有垣、陳錦棠、王仕圖(2011,11月)。台灣的社會企業治理研究:2010年調查資料及四個個案分析。喜憨兒社會福利基金會、國立中山大學主辦,社會企業國際研討會,高雄市。
  3. 洪久雅(2003)。我國非營利組織產業化之研究。國立政治大學公共行政研究所,台北市。
  4. 高正佳(2005)。非營利組織市場化對其課責之影響。國立臺灣大學政治學研究所,台北市。
  5. 梁文泰(2007)。非營利組織產業化與地方文化產業發展之研究:以桃園縣兩個社區為例。國立中央大學客家政治經濟研究所,桃園縣。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃國松(2012)。塗料性質的變動對環保支出影響─以A公司為例。中央大學管理學院高階主管企管碩士班學位論文。2012。1-65。
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