Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 159 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Alderfer,C.P. (1969) An Empirical Test of a New Theory of Human Needs. Organizational Behavior and Human Performance, Vol.4, pp.142-175.
  2. Ambrose,M.L.& Kulik,C.T. (1999) Old Friends, New Faces:Motivation Research in the 1990s. Journal of Management, Vol.25(3), pp.231-292.
  3. Baard,P.P.,Deci,E.L.& Ryan,R.M. (2004) Intrinsic Need Satisfaction: A Motivational Basis of Performance and Well-Being in Two Work Settings. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, Vol.34 (10), pp.2045-2068.
  4. Barker,J.H. (2008) Q-Methodology:An Alternative Approach to Research in Nurse Education. Nurse Education Today, Vol.28, pp.917-925.
  5. Block,Jack (1955) The Difference Between Q And R. Psychological Review, Vol.62(5), pp.356-358
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李昭慧(2013)。醫病溝通經驗之探究—以病患為例。國立臺北教育大學心理與諮商學系學位論文。2013。1-111。 
  2. 王怡璇(2011)。醫學生人格特質、覺知情緒智能與醫療同理心之相關 研究-以北部某醫學院為例。國立臺北教育大學心理與諮商學系學位論文。2011。1-137。 
  3. 龔小鈞(2012)。醫學美容醫師對誘發需求認知類型之探討。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2012。1-112。
  4. 歐陽格格(2013)。Q方法研究高中教師的職業選擇動機─台北市某高中為例。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2013。1-163。
  5. 許聖賢(2014)。政風人員角色衝突之研究 -以鄉(鎮、市)公所為例。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2014。1-174。
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