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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 76 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Abbey, A., & Andrews, F.M. (1985). Modeling the psychological determinants of life quality. Social Indicator Research, 16(3), 62-67.
  2. Abidin, R. R., & Wilfong, E. (1989). Parenting stress and its relationship to child health care. Child Health Care, 18(2), 114-6.
  3. Anderson, S.C., Linto, J., & Stewart-Wynne, G.E. (1995). A population long-based assessment of the impact and burden of caregiving for long-term stroke survivors. Stroke, 26(5), 843-849.
  4. Burger, T., Spahn, C., & Richter, B. (2005). Parental distress: the initial phase of hearing aid and cochlear implant fitting. Am Ann Deaf, 150(1), 5-10.
  5. Callaghan, P., & Morrissey, J. (1993). Social support and health: A review. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 18, 203-210.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳利秋(2012)。探討復原力對極低出生體重早產兒孩童及其母親健康狀態之影響。中國醫藥大學護理學系碩士班學位論文。2012。1-167。 
  2. 林美秀(2010)。台商在台配偶親職壓力之研究。國立臺北教育大學社會與區域發展學系學位論文。2010。1-267。 
  3. 王裕仁(2010)。學齡前與學齡自閉症兒童之父母親親職壓力之研究。國立臺北教育大學心理與諮商學系學位論文。2010。1-96。 
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