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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 90 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丘忠融、葉宗顯譯,2013,《媒體事務:媒體企業與公共利益》,新北市 : 韋伯文化國際。譯自David Croteau & William Hoynes. The business of media: corporate media and the public interest. Thousand Oaks, Calif.: Pine Forge Press. 2006.
  2. 何國華,2011,〈數位民主與公民參與─Peopo經驗分享〉,《時代評論》,第4期,頁20-24。
  3. 宋興洲,2003,〈論網路民主的理論與發展現況─網路民主是科幻小說?〉,《全球政治評論》,第3期,頁1-28。
  4. 李立峰,2016,〈網絡媒體和連結型行動的力量與挑戰:以2014香港雨傘運動為例〉,《傳播研究與實踐》,第6卷第1期,頁11-44。
  5. 李韋廷,2008,〈審議式民主與大眾傳播媒體新角色初探〉,國立政治大學中山人文社會科學研究所。
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