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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 77 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 行政院衛生署。2008。基因改造食品之安全性評估方法。
  2. 古庭維。2008。納豆菌液態培養生產枯草桿菌素 NAT 最適條件之探討及其應用於乳酸球菌表現。國立臺灣大學微生物與生化學研究所碩士學位論文。台北。
  3. 商惠芳、劉珍芳、曾金章、王正怡、李玲玟、葉必立、高信義、鍾美玉、呂秀介、謝明哲。2000。優酪乳對人體腸道細菌相及血液生化分析之影響。中華民國營養學會雜誌。25: 159-169。
  4. Arai, K., Kamata, T., Uchikoba, H., Fushinobu, S., Matsuzawa, H. and Taguchi, H. 2001. Some Lactobacillus L-lactate dehydrogenases exhibit comparable catalytic activities for pyruvate and oxaloacetate. J. Bacteriol. 183(1): 397-400.
  5. Arunachalam, K. D. 1999. Role of bifidobacteria in nutrition, medicine and technology. Nutr Res 19: 1559-1597.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張綉芬(2012)。基因改造生物之風險與管制研究。嶺東科技大學財務金融研究所學位論文。2012。1-101。
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