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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 56 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王年愷譯(2012)。《網路讓我們變笨?數位科技正在改變我們的大腦、思考與閱讀行為》,台北:貓頭鷹。(原書Carr , Nicholas. [2010]. The Shallows: What the Internet Is Doing to Our Brains. New York: W. W. Norton)
  2. 吳光亞譯(2009)。《攝影師之眼》,台北:大家。(原書 Michael Freeman. [2007]. The Photographer’s eye: Composition and Design for Better Digital Photos. Cork: The Ilex PRESSLimited.)
  3. 宋偉航譯(2000)。《數位麥克魯漢》,台北:貓頭鷹。(原書Levinson, Paul. [1999]. Digital McLuhan: A Guide to the Information Millennium. London: Routledge.)
  4. 郭力昕(1998)。《書寫攝影》,台北:元尊
  5. 張美陵(2010)。〈日常生活的快拍攝影:從真實的臨在感到數位生活的網絡影像〉,《藝術教育研究》,19: 115-144。
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