Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 112 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 中文部分
  2. 內政部統計處(2013)。〈民國101年底我國老人長期照顧及安養機構概況〉。取自:http://www.moi.gov.tw/stat/。上網日期:2014年2月1日。截至101年底,42947(實際進住機構人數�2,600,152(全國老年人口總數)≒0.0165。
  3. 王汝聰(2011年05月04日)。〈手腳無力找密醫 老翁1針喪命〉,《聯合知識庫》。取自:http://udndata.com/。上網日期:2013年4月8日。
  4. 余鑑,黃志燻(2013)。〈高齡者使用網路服務的激勵與困擾因素〉,《電子商務研究》,11(2):195-227。
  5. 吳若女(2013年11月01日)。〈老爸愛亂買東西、亂買藥〉,《康健雜誌》。取自康健雜誌:http://www.commonhealth.com.tw/article/article.action?nid=67881
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