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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 44 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Agresti, A. (1981), "Measures of Nominal-Ordinal Association," Journal of American Statistical Association, 76, 524-529.
  2. Agresti, A. (1984), Analysis of Ordinal Categorical Data, New York: Wiley.
  3. Agresti, A. (2002), Categorical Data Analysis (Second ed.), New York: Wiley.
  4. Albert, A., and Anderson, J. A. (1984), "On the Existence of Maximum Likelihood Estimates in Logistic Regression Models," Biometrika, 71, 1-10.
  5. Begg, C. B., and R. Gray. (1984), "Calculation of Polytomous Logistic Regression Parameters Using Individualized Regressions," Biometrika, 71, 11-18.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 康鈞雅(2016)。建構中風復健患者手功能與整體生活獨立度之預測關聯性。成功大學職能治療學系學位論文。2016。1-93。
  2. 姚卿騰(2016)。高齡者參與正向心理課程對其心理健康改善之研究─以雲林縣社區日間照顧中心為例。中正大學成人及繼續教育學系學位論文。2016。1-253。
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