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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 123 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. Abidin RR. Parenting Stress Index Manual (3rd edition). Charlottesville: VA: Pediatric Psychology Press.; 1990.
  2. 2. Adolph KE, Vereijken B, Denny MA. Learning to crawl. Child Development 1998;69:1299-312.
  3. 3. Aicardi J. The etiology of developmental delay. Seminars in Pediatric Neurology 1998;5:15-20.
  4. 4. American Physical Therapy Association. Guide to physical therapist practice (2nd edition). Physical Therapy 2001;81:9-746.
  5. 5. Bagnato SJ, Neisworth JT. Efficacy of interdisciplinary assessment and treatment for infants and prechoolers with congenital and acquired brain injury. Analysis and Interevntion in Developmental Disabilities 1985;5:107-28.
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 何怡君(2017)。學齡前自閉症兒童家長參與居家動作介入之行動研究。國立臺北教育大學特殊教育學系早期療育碩士班學位論文。2017。1-116。 
  2. 鍾采玲(2013)。托嬰中心托育模式對嬰幼兒發展影響之研究。朝陽科技大學幼兒保育系學位論文。2013。1-177。
  3. 李慧萍(2016)。弱勢家庭兒童及少年社區照顧服務計畫在兒童自我效能與社會支持的效果評估。高雄醫學大學醫學社會學與社會工作學系碩士班學位論文。2016。1-143。
  4. 謝欣穎(2017)。功能性溝通訓練對發展遲緩兒童溝通行為的影響。國立臺北教育大學特殊教育學系早期療育碩士班學位論文。2017。1-135。
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