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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 153 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 行政院衛生署國民健康局 (2006)。「民國九十二年台灣地區中老年身心社會生活狀況長期追蹤(第五次)調查成果報告」。台北:行政院衛生署國民健康局。
  2. 呂以榮 (2006)。 老、中、青三代對老人刻板印象之調查-以臺南市為例。「台灣老人保健學刊」,2,90-104。
  3. 李庚霖、區雅倫、陳淑惠、翁儷禎。(2009)。「臺灣地區中老年身心社會生活狀況長期追蹤調查」短版CES-D量表之心理計量特性。「中華心理衛生學刊」,22,383-410。
  4. 姚開屏 (2001)。「台灣簡明版世界衛生組織生活品質問卷之發展及使用手冊」。台北:世界衛生組織生活品質問卷台灣版問卷發展小組。
  5. 劉影梅 (2006)。「台灣國際身體活動量表—自填短版使用手冊」。台北:行政院衛生署國民健康局。
Times Cited (19) 〈TOP〉
  1. 許舒雅(2008)。桃園區高中生獨生子女的親子三角關係、同儕關係與心理健康之關聯性研究。中原大學心理學研究所學位論文。2008。1-113。 
  2. 李淑靜(2008)。花蓮縣國中小資源班教師人格特質與工作壓力之研究。臺東大學進修部暑期特教碩士班學位論文。2008。1-194。 
  3. 柯旻伶(2011)。少年社會資本與生活福祉之研究─以屏東縣為例。屏東科技大學社會工作系學位論文。2011。1-305。 
  4. 林書伃(2013)。老年人創傷經驗、抑制功能與心智推論能力之關聯探討。臺灣大學心理學研究所學位論文。2013。1-44。 
  5. 劉麗燕(2011)。「亦友亦敵?」-安置機構少女同儕互動經驗探究。臺灣大學社會工作學研究所學位論文。2011。1-93。 
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