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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 338 ) 〈TOP〉
  1.  李英正(2007),〈論消保法上商品責任之危險議題〉,收錄於《消費者保護研究(十)》,行政院消費者保護委員會編印
  2.  邱聰智(1996),〈消費者保護法上商品責任之探討〉,收錄於《消費者保護研究(二)》,行政院消費者保護委員會編印
  3.  郭麗珍(2004),〈我國產品責任法十年來學說與實務之發展〉,收錄於《消費者保護法制論文集》,行政院消費者保護委員會編印
  4.  陳聰富(2008),〈消保法有關服務責任之規定在實務上之適用與評析〉,收錄於氏著,《侵權歸責原理與損害賠償》,台北:元照
  5.  陳聰富(2008),〈論侵權行為法上之過失概念〉,收錄於氏著,《侵權歸責原理與損害賠償》,台北:元照
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