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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 32 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [Aubert, 2002] X. L. Aubert (2002)“An Overview of Decoding Techniques for Large Vocabulary Continuous Speech Recognition,”Computer Speech and Language, 2002.
  2. [Bahl et al, 1986] L. Bahl, P. Brown, P de Souza, R. Merce (1986) “Maximum mutual information estimation of hidden Markov model parameters for speech recognition,”in Proc. ICASSP 1986.
  3. [Chen et al, 2002] B. Chen, H.-M. Wang, and L.-S Lee (2002)“Discriminating Capabilities of Syllable-Based Features and Approaches of Utilizing Them for Voice Retrieval of Speech Information in Mandarin Chinese,”IEEE Trans. Speech and Audio Processing 2002
  4. [Chen et al, 2004] B. Chen, J.-W. Kuo, W.-H. Tsai (2004)“Lightly Supervised and Data-Driven Approaches to Mandarin Broadcast News Transcription,”in Proc. ICASSP 2004.
  5. [Gales, 1998] MJF Gales (1998)“maximum likelihood linear transformations for HMM-based speech recognition,” Computer Speech and Language , 1998.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 程永任(2008)。最小音素錯誤訓練法及其改進方法在國語大字彙辨識上之評估與分析。臺灣大學電信工程學研究所學位論文。2008。1-120。 
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