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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 88 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Bryson, J.M.(1995), Strategic Planning for Public and Nonprofit Organizations , San Francisco : Jossey-Bass.
  2. Buchholz, R. A. (1988), Adjusting corporations to the realities of public interests and policy, In R. L. Heath (Ed.) Strategic Issues Management: How Organizations Influence and Response to Public Interests and Policies. San Francisco : Jossey-Bass.
  3. Collis, D. J., & C. A. Montgomery (1995), Competing on Strategy in the 1990s, Harvard Business Review, July-August.
  4. Gruber, R. E. and M. Mohr (1982), Strategic Management for Multipurpose Nonprofit Organization, California Management Review, 24(3).
  5. Kelly, K.S.(1991),Fund Raising and Public Relations: A Critical Analysis, Hillsdale, NJ : Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳佳伶(2012)。慈濟基金會志工動員之研究:資源動員之觀點。淡江大學公共行政學系公共政策碩士班學位論文。2012。1-104。 
  2. 黃盈芷(2014)。白血病病人接受異體造血幹細胞移植後之身體心像 與生活品質之相關因素探討。臺灣大學護理學研究所學位論文。2014。1-110。 
  3. 方麗容(2010)。母乳庫經營策略及績效評估: 台北市立聯合醫院婦幼院區母乳庫個案研究。臺灣大學高階公共管理組學位論文。2010。1-128。 
  4. 蔡芬煅(2011)。花蓮佛教慈濟綜合醫院發展之研究(1972-2003)。中央大學歷史研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-194。
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