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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 129 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 19. 蔡墩銘(1975)。《最高法院刑事判決研究》,台北:巨浪。
  2. 20. 鍾宏彬(2012)。《法益理論的憲法基礎》,台北:春風煦日學術基金。
  3. 6. 伍開遠(2011)。〈公司負責人違反忠實義務之背信行為:台灣高等法院九十九年度上易字第六七九號刑事判決之研究〉,《財產法暨經濟法》,27期,頁141-161。
  4. 12. 周漾沂(2008)。〈論「煽惑他人犯罪或違背法令」之處罰理由〉,《臺大法學論叢》,37卷4期,頁347-389。
  5. 13. 邵慶平(2008)。〈董事受託義務內涵與類型的再思考─從監督義務與守法義務的比較研究出發〉,《臺北大學法學論叢》,66期,頁1-43。
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