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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 111 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丘媚萍,2011。「氣候變遷與臺灣農業部門氣候災害經濟損失之關聯性研究」。碩士論文,中興大學應用經濟學系。
  2. 朱蘭芬、陳吉仲、陳星瑞,2007。「臺灣稻米損失函數之估計及其天然災害保險費率之計算」,『農業經濟叢刊』。13卷,1期,37-67。
  3. 行政院農業委員會農糧署,2016。『104年果品生產概況』。臺北:行政院農業委員會農糧署。(http://www.afa.gov.tw/GrainStatistics_index.aspx?CatID=476)(2016/3/20)。
  4. 李國明,2009。「高接梨梨蜜症之發生與預防」,『花蓮區農業專訊』。70期,14-17。
  5. 吳宜昭、陳永明、朱容練,2010。「臺灣氣候變遷趨勢」,『國研科技』。25期,40-46。
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