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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 89 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王篤強、高迪理、吳秀照(2010),台灣社會福利民營化的未預期後果:地方政府相關人員「官僚自主性」的初步闡釋。社會政策與社會工作學刊,14(2),91–146。
  2. 朱鎮明(2001)。新公共管理之政治哲學研究-臺灣經驗檢證。國立政治大學公共行政學系博士論文。
  3. 汪淑媛、蘇怡如(2010)。社工督導功能期待與實踐落差研究─比較督導與被督者之觀點:以公部門家暴防治社工為例。台灣社會工作期刊,9,41-84。
  4. 沈慶鴻、賴乃榕(2013)。從「社工」到「督導」:新手社工督導角色轉換之研究-以婚暴防治為例。中華心理衛生學刊,第26 卷,第2期,215-248。
  5. 宋貴英(2013)。不一樣的父母親-身心障礙者的子女的自我認同。國立臺灣大學社會科學院社會工作學研究所碩士論文。
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