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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 71 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林明昕(2006)。〈行政契約法上實務問題之回顧--兼論公、私法契約之區別〉,收於:《公法學的開拓線-理論實務與體系之建構》,初版,153-187頁。台北:元照。
  2. 林森田、洪維廷(2004),〈代理結構與制度執行:以臺灣土地使用分區制度執行為例〉,《公共行政學報》,第11期,頁77-107。
  3. 陳愛娥(2002)。〈如何明確適用「法律明確性原則」?-評司法院大法官釋字第五四五號解釋〉,《月旦法學雜誌》,第88期,頁249-258 。
  4. 陳聰富(2004),〈論侵權行為法上之過失概念-最高法院九十年度台上字第一六八二號民事判決評釋〉,《台大法學論叢》,第33卷第4期,頁145-204。
  5. 張剛維(2007),《土地使用分區管制制度之執行與制度變遷--財產權觀點之分析》。政治大學地政研究所學位論文/博士,台北市。
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