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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 39 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 4. 王淑芬、謝文馨(2010),《臺灣地區銀行經營績效之分析-以泛公股銀行與民營銀行為例》,臺灣銀行季刊,第61卷,第1期,頁20-47。
  2. 5. 江東益(2011),《以EVA方法探討銀行績效評估-以台灣地區上市上櫃金融控股公司及銀行為例》,交通大學管理學院碩士在職專班管理科學組碩士論文。
  3. 7. 李馨蘋、莊宗憲(2007),《公司治理機制與公司績效之實證研究》,東吳經濟商學學報,第57期,頁1-27。
  4. 10. 李沃牆、林惠娜、劉雅鳳(2013),《公股銀行放款集中度對經營績效及逾放之影響分析》,朝陽商管評論,第12卷,第二期,頁93-112。
  5. 11. 沈中華、呂青樺(2006),《影響大陸地區銀行獲利能力與風險的因素》,中國大陸研究,第49卷,第3期,頁119-142。
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