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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 43 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. Baliga, N.S. et al. Genome sequence of Haloarcula marismortui: a halophilic archaeon from the Dead Sea. Genome Res 14, 2221-34 (2004).
  2. 2. Ng, W.V. et al. Genome sequence of Halobacterium species NRC-1. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 97, 12176-81 (2000).
  3. 3. Oesterhelt, D. & Stoeckenius, W. Functions of a new photoreceptor membrane. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 70, 2853-7 (1973).
  4. 4. Schobert, B. & Lanyi, J.K. Halorhodopsin is a light-driven chloride pump. J Biol Chem 257, 10306-13 (1982).
  5. 5. Spudich, E.N. & Spudich, J.L. Control of transmembrane ion fluxes to select halorhodopsin-deficient and other energy-transduction mutants of Halobacterium halobium. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 79, 4308-12 (1982).
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 楊淳翔(2014)。光線對北蟲草二次代謝物及wc-1基因表現之影響。宜蘭大學生物技術與動物科學系學位論文。2014。1-161。 
  2. 張詠寧(2010)。由新發現於 Haloarcula marismortui 與 Haloquadratum walsbyi之氯視紫質研究揭露異於其他微生物中離子運送蛋白質之高度保守性。臺灣大學微生物與生化學研究所學位論文。2010。1-77。 
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