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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 53 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王媛慧、李文福 (2004). "我國地區醫院效率之研究--DEA方法的應用"。經濟研究. 40: 61-95.
  2. 季瑋珠、賴佳君 (2001). "全民健保預防保健服務使用率之分析"。台灣公共衛生雜誌20: 43-51.
  3. 邱文達、李友專 (2007). "以國際醫院評鑑提升醫療品質-以萬芳醫院為例"。醫務管理期刊 8卷2期; 160-171。
  4. 孫遜 (2003). "台北市立综合醫院營運績效評估之研究"。管理學報20: 993-1022.
  5. 郭守仁、孫茂勝、劉淑琴、張家築、蘇維文、張宏基、張鈴妤 (2009). "JCI實戰經驗分享"。醫療品質雜誌 3卷1期; 11-14。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林怡吟(2011)。探討台灣目前發展國際醫療行銷策略與外籍病患就醫選擇因素間之差異。臺北醫學大學醫務管理學研究所學位論文。2011。1-85。 
  2. 陳翊綾(2012)。台灣地區成立牙醫專科醫院可行性之研究。臺灣大學高階公共管理組學位論文。2012。1-91。 
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