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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 56 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王克陸、彭雅惠,2004。「應用隨機前緣成本法於台灣農會信用部之效率評估研究」,台灣管理學刊,第4卷第1期,p.43-58。
  2. 左晉瑋,2010。「應用 Network DEA 於台灣基層農會經營績效之研究」,國立屏東科技大學農企業管理系碩士論文。
  3. 林錦河,2010。「非營利農民團體之績效評估-以臺灣主要農業生產地區之農會為例」,國立臺灣大學農業經濟學系碩士論文。
  4. 邱建中、戴登燦、李惠元、陳炎星,1995。「台中區基層農會營運現況之調查報告」,臺中區農業改良場研究彙報,第四十七期,p.33-47。
  5. 施連勝,1984。「臺灣農會組織之特性」,農業推廣文彙,第29輯,p.297-309。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 連健甫(2018)。直轄市農會信用部經營績效之研究-兩階段 DEA 之應用。臺灣大學農業經濟學研究所學位論文。2018。1-60。 
  2. 李貞宜(2017)。雙北市基層農會信用部經營績效之分析。臺灣大學農業經濟學研究所學位論文。2017。1-42。 
  3. 黃慈愛(2017)。農會重設信用部經營績效之比較分析。臺灣大學農業經濟學研究所學位論文。2017。1-187。 
  4. 吳玉仁(2016)。土地整體開發對都市地區農民及農會之影響-以新莊區為例。臺灣大學農業經濟學研究所學位論文。2016。1-102。 
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