Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 178 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2. 行政院衛生署食品衛生處健康食品管理。2006。
  2. 3. 中華民國臺灣地區漁業統計年報。2004。行政院農業委員會漁業署。
  3. 5. 丁志華、戴寶通。2001。田口實驗計劃法簡介(I)。國家毫微米元件實驗室。毫微米通訊。8:7-11。
  4. 18. 莊艾玲、潘子明、洪慧萍、黃青真。2000。含寡糖飲料對大白鼠腸道菌相 之影響。中華民國營養學會雜誌。25:232-242。
  5. 24. 陳和賢、黃卓治、謝政峰、王志源。2000。應用田口品質工程於蛋黃酥桿捲製程改進之研究。台灣農業化學與食品科學。38:214-222。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 胡郡玲(2008)。乳酸菌發酵豆漿脫脂牛奶預防胃黏膜損傷之評估。臺灣大學食品科技研究所學位論文。2008。1-97。 
  2. 古庭維(2008)。納豆菌液態培養生產枯草桿菌素 NAT 最適條件之探討及其應用於乳酸球菌表現。臺灣大學微生物與生化學研究所學位論文。2008。1-103。 
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