Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 61 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王瑛曾 (1764)《重修鳳山縣誌》。台北:臺灣銀行經濟研究室。臺灣文獻叢刊第146種,1962。
  2. 江柏煒 (1994)《宗族移民聚落空間變遷的社會歷史分析:金門瓊林與澎湖興仁的比較研究》,國立台灣大學建築與城鄉研究所。
  3. 行政院農業委員會編 (1992)《台灣漁業40年專輯》。台北市:行政院農業委員會。
  4. 吳文星 (1992) 《日據時期臺灣社會領導階層之研究》。教育部大學聯合出版委員會出版。
  5. 吳學明 (1995)〈清代一個務實拓墾家族的研究〉。《臺灣史研究》,2(2),頁5~52。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 郭婷玉(2011)。日本時代東港地方社會發展與社會力量之形成。臺灣師範大學臺灣史研究所學位論文。2011。1-124。
Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
E-mail :
When an article is available to download, a notice will be sent to your mailbox address.
E-mail :