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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 125 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳鯤生主編(2006)孫志鴻帶你看看一百年後的地球,校園(雙月刊),48:2。
  2. 官有垣、李宜興(2002)地方民間組織與政府在社區營造的夥伴關係─以嘉義新
  3. 徐敏雄(1998)臺灣基督長老教會社會服務事工的發展,國立中正大學社會福利
  4. 張峻嘉(2007)南庄地方產業再發展與區域特性形構,國立台灣大學地理環境資
  5. Breton, M. 1994. “On the Meaning of Empowerment and Empowerment-oriented
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林信廷(2009)。Making Community Work:社會資本與社區參與相關性之研究。暨南大學社會政策與社會工作學系學位論文。2009。1-208。 
  2. 郭修延(2011)。台灣基督長老教會與社區總體營造-以台東縣長光社區與新香蘭社區為例。臺東大學社會科教育學系碩士班學位論文。2011。1-88。 
  3. 林建榮(2009)。台灣基督長老教會與社區的互動研究--以林子內長老教會為例。臺東大學進修部暑期社教碩士班學位論文。2009。1-182。 
  4. 朱家豪(2008)。雙手營造上帝國以社會運動理論分析台灣基督長老教會的社區宣教。臺灣大學建築與城鄉研究所學位論文。2008。1-137。 
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